Partnership Dialogue 7 - Enhancing the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

Introduction

The First Global Integrated Marine Assessment, which summary was approved by the UNGA, provides a stark picture of the current state of our oceans. Anthropogenic pressures on marine ecosystems, such as marine pollution, overexploitation of marine living resources, coastal degradation, climate change and ocean acidification, are challenging the resilience of the oceans and their resources, as well as their continued ability to provide important ecosystem goods and services to humankind. The UNGA has noted with concern the findings of the Assessment that the world’s ocean is facing major pressures simultaneously with such great impacts that the limits of its carrying capacity are being, or, in some cases, have been reached.

Addressing such pressures and their impacts requires effective cross-sectoral coordination and extensive cooperation among States at global, regional and bilateral levels, including through intergovernmental organizations. International law, as reflected in UNCLOS, provides the strongest basis for such cooperation, and its effective implementation is thus critical to the sustainable development of oceans and their resources.

Co-chairs

  • H.E. Ms. Concetta Fierravanti-Wells, Minister for International Development and the Pacific, Australia
  • H.E. Ms. Judy Wakhungu, Cabinet Secretary for Environment and Natural Resources, Kenya

Moderator

  • H.E. Mr. Heraldo Munoz, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Chile

Panellists

  • Mr. Miguel de Serpa Soares, Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and United Nations Legal Counsel
  • Mr. Michael Lodge, Secretary-General, International Seabed Authority
  • Ms. Biliana Cicin-Sain, President, Global Ocean Forum, Professor of Marine Policy, University of Delaware
  • Ms. Florence Galletti, Director of Research, Law of the Sea and Environmental Law, French National Research Institute for Development (IRD)

Registered List of Participants

States

First preference (speaking slot guaranteed)

  • Fiji (M)
  • Greece (CD)

Second preference (possible speaking slot)

  • European Union (M)
  • Timor-Leste (M)
  • Tonga (M)
  • Germany (CD)
  • Honduras (CD)
  • India (CD)
  • Madagascar (CD)
  • Nepal (CD)
  • Trinidad and Tobago (CD)
  • Togo (TBD)

Other participants and observers

  • Ship and Ocean Foundation
  • Observatorio Pro Arrecifes
  • Wildlife Conservation Society
  • School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine
Biographies (alphabetical order)
H.E. Mr. Heraldo Munoz
Minister of Foreign Affairs, Chile
H.E. Mr. Heraldo Munoz

Minister of Foreign Affairs, Chile

Minister Heraldo Muñoz was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs by President Michelle Bachelet on March 11, 2014.
He previously served as Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations, Assistant Administrator and Regional Director for Latin America and the Caribbean for the United Nations Development Programme (May 2010 - February 2014).
Minister Muñoz served as Ambassador-Permanent Representative of Chile to the United Nations from 2003 to 2010. He was the Chairman of the UN Peacebuilding Commission, Facilitator of the UN Security Council Reform Consultations (2007-2008), and President of the UN Security Council (2004). Furthermore, from February 2009 to April 2010, he served as Chairman of the Commission of Inquiry into the assassination of former Pakistani Prime Minister.
Minister Muñoz has held several positions in the Government of Chile, including Minister Secretary General of Government (2002-2003), Under-Secretary for Foreign Affairs (2000-2002), Ambassador of Chile to Brazil (1994-1998) and Ambassador of Chile to the Organization of American States (1990-1994). He was an active participant in the dissident movement against the Pinochet dictatorship (1973-1989), serving as a leading member of the Socialist Party, co-founder of the Party for Democracy, and a member of the Executive Committee of the NO Campaign that defeated General Pinochet in a 1988 plebiscite.
He has written and edited over a dozen books on Inter-American relations and security, Latin American foreign relations, democracy and human rights, multilateral affairs, and international political economy, as well as ocean related issues. His book of memoirs, The Dictator's Shadow, won the 2009 WOLA-Duke University Book Award for the best current, non-fiction book published in English on human rights, democracy and social justice in Latin America.
His latest book is "Getting Away with Murder: The Assassination of Benazir Bhutto and the Politics of Pakistan (WW Norton, 2013).
Minister Muñoz holds a PhD in International Studies from the Korbel School of International Studies, University of Denver. He also holds a Diploma in International Relations from the Catholic University of Chile, and a B.A. in Political Science from the State University of New York at Oswego.

H.E. Ms. Concetta Fierravanti-Wells
Minister for International Development and the Pacific in Australia's Federal Coalition Government
H.E. Ms. Concetta Fierravanti-Wells

Minister for International Development and the Pacific in Australia's Federal Coalition Government

Concetta Fierravanti-Wells is the Minister for International Development and the Pacific in Australia’s Federal Coalition Government. She has served as a Senator for New South Wales since 2005.

Senator Fierravanti-Wells was sworn in as Minister for International Development and the Pacific in February 2016.

Prior to this, she was the Assistant Minister for Multicultural Affairs, with responsibilities in the Attorney-General, Immigration and Border Protection, and Social Services portfolios. She also served as the Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Social Services, with special responsibility for multicultural affairs and settlement services.

The Minister has previously served in the roles of Shadow Parliamentary Secretary for Immigration and Citizenship, Shadow Parliamentary Secretary Assisting the Leader in the Senate, Shadow Minister for Ageing and Shadow Minister for Mental Health.

Before entering politics, Minister Fierravanti-Wells worked as a lawyer with the Australian Government Solicitor, as a policy advisor to the Federal Opposition in the early 1990s, and Senior Private Secretary to former New South Wales Premier John Fahey.

For 25 years before entering the Senate, the Minister was involved in many different community organisations and activities including as a founding board director of a nursing home in Wollongong at age 23 years to the Board of Father Chris Riley’s Youth off the Streets for four years, with two years as Chairman.

The Minister has had a long association with the Italo-Australian community including for periods as a member of General Council of Italians Abroad (CGIE) and General Committee of Italians Abroad (Com.It.Es.). In 1995 she was made a Knight of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic.

Minister Fierravanti-Wells was the Ministerial Adviser to the Global Diversity Conference in 1995, and served as a member of the Multicultural Advisory Committee for SOCOG, Australia’s coordinating body for the 2000 Sydney Olympics.

Minister Fierravanti-Wells graduated with a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science and European Languages, and a Bachelor of Laws.

She was born in Wollongong, New South Wales and is the daughter of Italian migrants. She is married to Commander John Wells (RAN Ret’d).

H.E. Ms. Judy Wakhungu
Cabinet Secretary for Environment and Natural Resources, Kenya
H.E. Ms. Judy Wakhungu

Cabinet Secretary for Environment and Natural Resources, Kenya

Judi Wangalwa Wakhungu is Cabinet Secretary (Minister) for Environment, and Natural Resources since 25 April 2013. Prior to joining the Kenya Cabinet in 2013, Prof Judi Wakhungu was the Executive Director of the African Center for Technology Studies (ACTS) in Nairobi, Kenya. She has been an Associate Professor of Science, Technology, and Society at Pennsylvania State University where she also served as the Director of the Women in the Sciences & Engineering (WISE) Institute. She has also served as an Energy Advisor to the Energy Sector Management Program of World Bank and Advisor at the Legatum Centre at MIT.

Prof Wakhungu was the first woman geologist in the Ministry of Energy and Regional Development, where her duties entailed exploring for geothermal energy in Kenya’s Rift Valley. Prof. Wakhungu was also the first female petroleum geologist in the National Oil Corporation of Kenya. She was also the first female faculty member in the Department of Geology at the University of Nairobi.

Prof. Wakhungu received a B.S. in geology from St. Lawrence University in New York, a M.S. degree in petroleum geology from Acadia University in Nova Scotia, Canada, and her Ph.D. in energy resources management from Pennsylvania State University. Her research interests include energy resources management; materials; energy policy and development; science, technology, and development; and gender issues in science and technology policy.

She has served on many boards and committees, both nationally and internationally. She was the Research Director of the Global Energy Policy and Planning Program of the International Federation of Institutes for Advanced Study (IFIAS), which is based in Toronto, Canada. She has served as the Project Leader of the Renewable Energy Technology Dissemination Project of the Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI).

Prof. Wakhungu also has the distinction of being the “designated energy expert” for the United Nations Commission of Science and Technology for Development (Gender Working Group). She has also served as the Executive Director of the African Technology Policy Studies (ATPS) Network.ng

Judi W. Wakhungu is a former Executive Director of the African Technology Studies Network. She then became the Director of the Women in Sciences and Engineering (WISE) Institute at the Pennsylvania State University. She was also an Associate Professor of Science, Technology and Society whose research interests included Energy Policy and Development, Science Technology and Development, and Gender Issues in Science and Technology Policy. She received a B.S. in Geology from St. Lawrence University in New York, an MS degree in Petroleum Geology from Acadia University in Nova Scotia, Canada, and her Ph.D. in Energy Resources Management from Pennsylvania State University. She has held a number of energy sector positions in the civil service industry and higher education in her native country of Kenya. She was the first woman to be hired a9-s a geologist in the Ministry of Energy and Regional Development, where her duties entailed exploring for geothermal energy in Kenya's Rift Valley, the first woman petroleum geologist in the National Oil Corporation of Kenya, as well as the first female faculty member in the Department of Geology at the University of Nairobi. She has served on many national and international boards and committees with the distinction of being the "designated energy expert" for the United Nations Commission of Science and Technology for Development (Gender Working Group). She is currently First Cabinet Secretary, Ministry for Environment, Water and Natural Resources of Kenya.

In 2013, Prof. Wakhungu was among twenty-six eminent scientists, representing natural, social and human sciences and engineering, appointed to a Scientific Advisory Board, announced by the UN Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon.

Mr. Michael Lodge
Secretary-General, International Seabed Authority
Mr. Michael Lodge

Secretary-General, International Seabed Authority

Michael W. Lodge is a British national. He received his LLB from the University of East Anglia, and has an MSc in marine policy from the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is a barrister of Gray’s Inn, London. Prior to his election as Secretary-General of the International Seabed Authority in July 2016, he had served as Deputy to the Secretary-General and Legal Counsel. Other professional experiences include serving as Legal Counsel to the ISA (1996-2003); Counsellor to the Round Table on Sustainable Development, OECD (2004-2007); Legal Counsel to the South Pacific Forum Fisheries Agency (1991-1995). He has also held appointments as a Visiting Fellow of Somerville College, Oxford (2012-2013), an Associate Fellow of Chatham House, London (2007) and a member of the World Economic Forum’s Global Agenda Council on Oceans (2011-2016).

With 28 years of experience as a public international lawyer, Michael Lodge has a strong background in the field of law of the sea as well as ten years’ judicial experience in the UK and South Pacific. He spent many years living and working in the South Pacific and was one of the lead negotiators for the South Pacific Island States of the 1995 UN Fish Stocks Agreement. He has also worked as a consultant on fisheries, environmental and international law in Europe, Asia, Eastern Europe, the South Pacific and Africa.

With extensive knowledge of the United Nations and other international organisations, Michael Lodge has facilitated high-level multilateral and bilateral negotiations at international and regional level. His significant achievements include his pivotal role in the ISA from its inception in 1996 and in helping to create and implement the first international regulatory regime for seabed mining. He also contributed to the future security of global fish stocks by leading the process to create the Western and Central Pacific Fisheries Commission from concept to its establishment as the largest regional fisheries management organization in the world, also serving as the interim executive director of the Commission. He was instrumental in advising the Pew Charitable Trusts on their support for the Global Ocean Commission and also acted as an adviser to the Commission on international law of the sea and ocean policy.

Mr Lodge has published and lectured extensively on the international law of the sea, with over 25 published books and articles on law of the sea, oceans policy and related issues.

Mr. Miguel de Serpa Soares
Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs, United Nations Legal Counsel
Mr. Miguel de Serpa Soares

Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs, United Nations Legal Counsel

Mr. Miguel de Serpa Soares, Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs, United

Miguel de Serpa Soares was appointed the Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and United Nations Legal Counsel in September 2013. He oversees the Office of Legal Affairs, the overall objectives of which are to provide a unified central legal service for the United Nations. The Office of Legal Affairs employs approximately 200 staff of more than 60 nationalities.

Mr. Serpa Soares has extensive experience of legal and international affairs, having represented his country in various bilateral and multilateral international forums, including the Sixth Committee of the United Nations General Assembly, the Committee of Public International Law Advisers of the Council of Europe and the International Criminal Court’s Assembly of State Parties.

Before taking up his current position, Mr. Serpa Soares was Director General of the Department of Legal Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Portugal from 2008. Earlier in his career, he acted as Legal Adviser to the Permanent Representation of Portugal to the European Union, Brussels (1999-2008) and as Chef-de-Cabinet of the Deputy Minister for Infrastructure and Territorial Administration, in charge of Maritime Affairs. He has been President of the Supervisory Board of the Lisbon Port Authority. He has been involved in several legislative and policy reforms concerning the maritime sector.

Ms. Biliana Cicin-Sain
President, Global Ocean Forum, Professor of Marine Policy, University of Delaware
Ms. Biliana Cicin-Sain

President, Global Ocean Forum, Professor of Marine Policy, University of Delaware

Dr. Biliana Cicin-Sain (PhD in political science, UCLA, postdoctoral training, Harvard University) is Director of the Gerard J. Mangone Center for Marine Policy and Professor of Marine Policy at the University of Delaware’s College of Earth, Ocean, and Environment, also holding a joint appointment in the Center for Energy and Environmental Policy. She is a world leader in the field of integrated coastal and ocean governance and has forged international collaboration among all sectors of the international oceans community to advance the global oceans agenda.

Dr. Cicin-Sain is the founder and President, Global Ocean Forum, initially mobilized in 2001 to place issues related to oceans, coasts, and island states on the agenda of the 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) and to agree on a detailed set of global ocean targets and timelines. Since 2001, the Global Ocean Forum has brought together ocean leaders from governments, nongovernmental organizations, UN agencies, the private sector, and scientific institutions from 110 countries to promote the implementation of international ocean agreements, analyze emerging policy issues, and advance international consensus on unresolved ocean issues. The GOF fosters cross-sectoral dialogue on ocean issues; is a constant advocate for oceans at the highest political levels; and emphasizes the imperative of taking an ecosystem-based integrated approach to ocean governance at national, regional, and global levels. The GOF has carried out many policy analyses, especially focusing on the extent of implementation of global commitments on oceans; organized five global ocean conferences; and carried out multistakeholder policy dialogues on current and emerging global ocean issues. A major emphasis of the GOF is on oceans and people issues, especially on the problems and challenges of developing countries and small island developing States (SIDS).

Dr. Cicin-Sain has served (or is serving as) as a policy advisor to: International organizations--UNESCO’s Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, World Bank, UN Environment Programme, Inter-American Development Bank; national governments--Governments of Albania, Canada, Colombia, Ecuador, Indonesia, R.O. Korea, United States, Vietnam; and U.S. coastal states and counties. Since 1991, she has frequently participated in United Nations negotiations on oceans and coasts, especially in the 1992 Earth Summit, the 2002 WSSD, the 2012 Rio+20 summit, the post 2015 development agenda, in annual UN negotiations on oceans, and in the negotiations related to marine areas beyond national jurisdiction. Since 2009, she has been playing a prominent role in bringing the oceans issues into the global climate negotiations in the context of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and into the biodiversity negotiations in the context of the Convention on Biological Diversity. Most recently, Dr. Cicin-Sain has led the mobilization of a multi-stakeholder initiative, the Roadmap to Oceans and Climate Action (ROCA), to advance the issues related to oceans and climate within the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and other relevant international fora.

Among her advisory appointments, Dr. Cicin-Sain has served on various boards of the U.S. National Research Council (National Academy of Sciences and National Academy of Engineering), including the Marine Board and the Ocean Studies Board; on the Department of Interior’s Scientific Committee on the Outer Continental Shelf; as a senior policy advisor in the International Program Office of the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA); as a scientific advisor to the U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy and to the Joint Ocean Commission Initiative; as an advisor to the Independent Oceans Commission, Portugal; as an advisor to the Ocean Policy Research Foundation in Japan; on the Academic Committee of Xiamen University in China; and as a Visiting Professor of Marine Policy at the United Nations University-Institute of Advanced Study in Tokyo.

Dr. Cicin-Sain is the author of over 100 publications in marine policy, with an emphasis on cross-cutting issues related to integrated ocean and coastal governance. Her 1998 book Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management: Concepts and Practices has been used in academic and governmental training efforts around the world. Her 2000 book, The Future of U.S. Ocean Policy: Choices for the New Century, which has been called “…the ultimate guide to the emerging debate on U.S. ocean governance,” presented a blueprint for national ocean policy reform in the United States. Her co-edited volume, The Routledge Handbook on National and Regional Ocean Policies (2015) brings together analyses of the experiences of 15 nations and 4 regions of the world which have taken concrete steps toward cross-cutting integrated oceans governance.

Dr. Cicin-Sain was named the 2010 Laureate for the Elizabeth Haub Award for Environmental Diplomacy in recognition of her “outstanding contributions to the international efforts to preserve the world’s oceans and the several international agreements relating to them.” Given annually since 1997 by the International Council of Environmental Law and Pace University School of Law, the Elizabeth Haub Award is typically awarded to key diplomatic figures that have made a significant contribution to the advancement of international law and policy.

Among her other awards, in 2010, Dr. Cicin-Sain was awarded an honorary doctorate in maritime law by the Korea Maritime University. In 2007, Dr. Cicin-Sain was awarded the Elisabeth-Mann-Borgese Meerespreis (“Prize of the Sea”) by the Ministry of Science, Economics and Transport of the Land Schleswig-Holstein in Germany. In 2007, Dr. Cicin-Sain was also awarded the Coastal Zone Foundation Award for leadership in coastal management, and in 2002, she was awarded the Ocean and Coastal Stewardship Award at the California and the World Ocean Conference together with the late Robert W. Knecht, her husband and co-author, first director of the US Coastal Zone Management Program.

Earlier in her career, Dr. Cicin-Sain served in two US federal agencies: NOAA and the Department of Housing and Urban Development; was a professor of political science at the University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB); founder and director of UCSB’s Ocean and Coastal Policy Center; and a researcher at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, and at the East-West Center in Hawaii.

Of Croatian and Macedonian descent, Professor Cicin-Sain was born in Italy and spent her early years in Argentina, prior to immigrating to the U.S. She speaks English, Spanish, and French fluently, as well as some Italian, Serbo-Croatian, Russian, and Portuguese.

Ms. Florence Galletti
Director of Research, Law of the Sea and Environmental Law, Research Institute for Development (IRD), France
Ms. Florence Galletti

Director of Research, Law of the Sea and Environmental Law, Research Institute for Development (IRD), France

Florence Galletti, Chargée de Recherche juriste de l’Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - IRD (Établissement public de recherche scientifique français), actuellement dans l’Unité de recherche IRD MARBEC, est Docteur et H.D.R. en Droit public. Elle est chercheur auprès de l’IRD depuis 2004, et associée au Centre de Droit Économique et du Développement CDED de la Faculté de droit de Perpignan, France, où elle enseigne le droit international de la mer, le droit maritime, des pêches, du littoral, du domaine public maritime, de l’environnement et dirige des thèses sur ces sujets. Auteur de livres, d’articles, de conférences sur les transformations de la gouvernance des mers, sous l’angle international (océan global), régional (Méditerranée, océan Indien, Asie du Sud-Est), ou national et comparé, elle participe au Projet scientifique pluridisciplinaire du FFEM, "Conservation et exploitation durable des écosystèmes de monts sous-marins et sources hydrothermales du sud-ouest de l’océan Indien au-delà des zones de juridiction nationale". Dans le cadre de ce projet, elle a récemment participé à la campagne en mer [20 avril 2017 -20 mai 2017] dans l’océan Indien sur le navire océanographique français « Marion Dufresne ». Elle est également Membre de l’Association Internationale du Droit de la Mer (AssIDMer).

Statements
Statements
Presentations
Statements
Barbados
Cyprus
Greece
Honduras
Iceland
Mr. Michael Lodge, Secretary-General, International Seabed Authority
Mr. Miguel de Serpa Soares, Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and United Nations Legal Counsel
Ms. Biliana Cicin-Sain, President, Global Ocean Forum, Professor of Marine Policy, University of Delaware
Ship and Ocean Foundation
Singapore
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tuvalu
Presentations
Ms. Florence Galletti, Director of Research, Law of the Sea and Environmental Law, French National Research Institute for Development (IRD)