United Nations
Year of Polar Prediction
by World Meterological Organization (United Nations entity)
Concerns about amplification of anthropogenic climate change has led to a growing interest in the polar regions in recent years. Furthermore, increasing economic and transportation activities in polar regions are leading to more demand for sustained and improved availability of integrated observational and predictive weather, climate and water information to support decision-making.

However, many gaps in weather, sub-seasonal and seasonal forecasting in polar regions hamper reliable decision-making.

The World Weather Research Programme's Polar Prediction Project aims to advance the science in numerical models, data acquisition and assimilation, ensemble forecast methods, verification, and the production of prediction products – all with a polar emphasis. Observations are a key element in this endeavor.

The polar regions are among the most sparsely observed parts of the globe by conventional observing systems such as surface meteorological stations, radiosonde stations and aircraft reports. Recognizing this, one important international initiative is the Year of Polar Prediction scheduled to take place from mid-2017 to mid-2019.
Progress reports
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Other (please specify): Improving Predictions
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
  • Scientific, socioeconomic and interdisciplinary research
  • Research capacity development
  • Data access and sharing
  • Training and professional development
  • Scientific cooperation
Guidelines for a suitable long term observational network in the Polar Regions
Other, please specify
Volunteer contributions from WMO members
Basic information
Time-frame: 01/2014 - 12/2023
Most of WMO members
Ocean Basins
  • Arctic Ocean
  • Southern Ocean
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Paolo Ruti, Chief, World Weather Research Division, pruti@wmo.int,
Other SDGs
United Nations