#OceanAction14321
The Palau National Marine Sanctuary
by Palau (The Palau National Marine Sanctuary Office) (Government)
In response to global recognition of imminent danger to our oceans and our planet, President Tommy E. Remengesau, Jr. signed into law the Palau National Marine Sanctuary Act (PNMS). This new law is one of the World’s most ambitious ocean conservation initiatives to date aimed at not only protecting Palau’s marine resources, but also at protecting the world’s tuna stocks. This law will, after a four year transition, 1) create a no-take Marine Sanctuary (approx. 500,000 square kilometers) covering 80% of Palau’s Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), in which no fishing or any extraction of natural resources will occur and 2) create a Domestic Fishing Zone covering approximately 20% of Palau’s EEZ in which traditional and domestic fishing activities will be allowed to provide fish solely for Palau’s food security and the domestic market.
Updates to voluntary commitment
14.2
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Large Marine Ecosystem approach
14.4
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Reduction of fisheries by-catch and product waste/losses
  • Eco-labelling, traceability, certification programmes
  • Market-based instruments (Individually Traded Quotas, Vessel Day Schemes, etc.)
14.5
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • No take marine protected area
  • Multiple use marine protected area
  • MPA management and/or enforcement
14.7
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
14.a
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
  • Research capacity development
  • Data access and sharing
  • Scientific cooperation
14.b
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
  • Legal/policy/institutional measures
  • Access to market-based instruments
  • Transfer of fishing technology
  • Access to coastal fishing grounds
  • Access and capacity building for eco-labelling and traceability systems
  • Community empowerment for fisheries management
14.c
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
  • Strengthening ocean governance, for example through the development of a national ocean policy or regional ocean policy
January 2018
Enhance Palau's Surveillance and Enforcement capacity through the acquisition of additional patrol vessels, manpower, technology and fuel funding
January 2020
Establish the Palau National Marine Sanctuary
January 2020
End all commercial fish exports from Palau
January 2020
Establish a truly domestic fishing industry that is sustainable and highly regulated in the 20% domestic fishing zone to address food security for Palauans and visitors to Palau.
Other, please specify
One 40m class patrol vessel, one 15m class patrol vessel, training and detention facility, new wharf, 15 new patrol officers to man vessels, funding for fuel or 10 years, and technical and law enforcement training, all donated by the Nippon Foundation and
Interact
Updates
#OceanAction14321
Basic information
Time-frame: 2015, October - Ongoing
Partners
Palau
Ocean Basins
  • North Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Keobel Sakuma, Executive Director, keobel@palaumarine.org, +680-775-1276
Koror, Palau
Other SDGs
United Nations