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Indonesia Substantially Enlarge its Maritime Conservation Area
by Coordinating Ministry for Maritime Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia (Government)
Indonesia is the world’s largest archipelagic state, with over 17,000 islands, comprise an abundance of marine diversity, Indonesia shows significant natural resource potential. Marine ecosystems in Indonesia serve important functions as habitats, feeding, nesting, and spawning grounds. About 55 percent of existing fisheries production comes from coastal areas, particularly from seagrass beds, mangroves, coral reefs, lagoons, and estuaries. Based on more than 2,000 fish species and 500 coral species, Indonesia is called as the Coral Triangle Center.

Unfortunately, environmentally destructive fishing practices, improper waste disposal, sand mining, and other damaging human activities have threatened the sustainability of ecosystem resources, specifically coastal and marine ecosystems.

Against this backdrop, Indonesia has committed to effectively conserve 20,000,000 hectares of marine and coastal resources by 2020. This target is combined with other program such as the Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs.

Indonesia believes that conserving its marine area will provide benefits not only for nature but also for the people if they can be managed effectively. Furthermore, it should also be underlined that the key to reach the target is that to have highly qualified, competent, and motivated people managing the Marine Conservation Area.
Progress reports
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • MPA management and/or enforcement
the total area of Indonesian marine conservation area will be 20 millions hectare
Other, please specify
National Regulation
Basic information
Time-frame: January 2017 - December 2020
Ministry for Marine Affairs and Fisheries Ministry for Environment Affairs and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia
Ocean Basins
  • Indian Ocean
  • North Pacific
  • South Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Sahat Manaor Panggabean, Dr, sahat_mp@maritim.go.id, deputi1@maritim.go.id, +62 21 23951100
Jakarta, Indonesia
Other SDGs
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