United Nations
Multi-Sites Deployment of Pilot Scale Technology for Integrated Nearshore and Ocean Farming ( open water aquaculture for Seaweed/ fish/ Mussel and ocean energy) to meet NEXUS and Blue-growth Development
by University Malaysia Terengganu , School of Ocean Engineering (Academic institution)
The ocean and related water resources remain one of the new frontiers for humanity to explore and optimize human civilization. Everything has been created from water. The ocean is at the curing center of the planet health system, absorbing loads of land activities’ waste which feeds the vast ocean life. The ocean occupies a huge portion of the planet for a reason; much of its resources remain untapped and unexplored, mainly due to the lack of suitable technology. The use of aquatic plant seaweed macro algae for various biotech products including preventive medicine, pharmaceuticals, neutraceutical, food, marine energy, seaweed biofuel is becoming popular. A nature-based complex approach will make sea farming profitable. Our project involves: development of integrated technology for the water resources exploration (Inland, coastal, sea and ocean), co-utilization for marine renewable energy, food (seaweed, mussel, and fish), and incorporation of feed ecological requirements at downstream and their application at upstream, need for various marine biotech products (textile, seaweed bioplastic, seaweed solar etc.).

The project develops a technology platform for the large scale offshore aquaculture plantation, exploration and management of water resources through pilot/production farming in selected regional sea sites using NEXUS approach for co-production of macroalage, energy, fish aquaculture, seafood and a range of marine biotech materials for industrial and agriculture use ( fertilizer, animal feed etc. ). The project will collaborate with maritime cluster, industry, SME and community, regulatory bodies, environmentalist, site permit authorities, local fabricators for pilot project that involve scale up data collection related to technology, fitness, market research, risk and reliability, cost defectiveness, investor relations for production and farming. It will provide cooperation with UN bodies to positively impact life for developing nations and needy communities.

Seaweed farming will bring multiple nature- based solutions to problems being faced by fish farmers or hydro energy technology professionals. We have collected a wide of range of data that provide confident nature-based solution ready for implementation. We have done the first principle work, risk analysis, lab trial, biochemical, and material and prototype sea trial. We have also tried an integrated farming (fish, seaweed and wave energy) to collect relevant data useful for scale up. We have conducted research with industry and international universities under the frontier of knowledge in this area.
We believe that various biotech materials from seaweed can solve various environmental problems. By growing seaweed, there will be systematic marine bioremediation, carbon sequestration, acidification reduction, and disaster risk reduction for coastal protection. We also have a vision for improvement of life quality for needy community through hybrid and urban/rural, blue/green, river/coastal farmer systems with energy housing, education and transportation facilities.

The project is a socio-economic, integrated, environmental, technical, circular, economy-friendly model that adapts offshore technology for sustainable and reliable aquaculture activities as well as exploration of ocean resources for human and environmental good. The project will reduce barriers for floating structures usage in sea farming and contribute to quest for new jobs, food and energy production, water security, resilient ocean ecology and coral reef health and boost new marine biotech materials.

Progress reports
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
Type of commitment
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Nutrient sinks (e.g. constructed wetlands)
  • Other (please specify): Farming of species that can be used for bioplastic
  • Other (please specify): Design of special purpose vehicle for ocean farming
OTHER POLLUTANTS (please specify)
  • Industrial effluent pre-treatment
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Marine Spatial Planning
  • Large Marine Ecosystem approach
  • Ecosystem-based Adaptation
  • Other (please specify): Goal based Integrated ocean farming
  • Risk based Integrated ocean farming
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
Type of commitment
  • Coastal carbon sinks/blue carbon
  • Carbon capture and sequestration
  • CO2 emission reductions (energy efficiency, renewable energy, etc.)
  • Adaptation to more acidic ocean conditions
  • Scientific research and cooperation to address ocean acidification knowledge gaps
  • Other (please specify): growing of biomass seaweed
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Reduction of fisheries by-catch and product waste/losses
  • Eco-labelling, traceability, certification programmes
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • Marine protected area with partial protection
  • Locally or community managed marine areas
By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
Type of commitment
  • Removal or reduction of harmful fisheries subsidies
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Economic benefits from sustainable tourism
  • Economic benefits from sustainable aquaculture/mariculture
  • Economic benefits from marine renewable energy
  • Economic benefits from marine biotechnology
  • Economic benefits from sustainable transport
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
  • Scientific, socioeconomic and interdisciplinary research
  • Research capacity development
  • Training and professional development
  • Scientific cooperation
  • Transfer marine technology
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
  • Legal/policy/institutional measures
  • Transfer of fishing technology
  • Access and capacity building for eco-labelling and traceability systems
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
  • Activities to raise awareness of the comprehensive legal and policy framework for the sustainable development of oceans and seas, in particular UNCLOS, its Implementing Agreements and other relevant ocean-related instruments and promote their effective im
  • Activities to develop the capacity of States towards broader participation in and effective implementation of UNCLOS and its implementing Agreements
  • Development of necessary infrastructure and/or enforcement capabilities to comply with international law, as reflected in UNCLOS and as complemented by other ocean-related instruments
Evaluation of and iteration of risk based design for offshore aquaculture
Site and resources assessment and evaluation
Gap analysis and Scale of designed and trial prototype system
Modular construction of components from consortium, multi-sites deployment and monitoring
Financing (in USD)
200,000,000 USD
Other, please specify
Liaison with site authorities and local fabricators
In-kind contribution
Matching fund from Partners
Staff / Technical expertise
Matching of partners with required input
Basic information
Time-frame: 01/2018 - 12/2020
University of Greenwich Bureau Veritas Technip (Private Sector) Global Ocean Farming LLP University of Naple WEFSECH OceanNexus Sdn Bhd
Ocean Basins
  • Global
  • Indian Ocean
  • North Atlantic
  • North Pacific
  • South Atlantic
  • South Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Coastal community for dowstream production Land community for upstream processing SME Manufacturing Instrumentation and Control
Contact information
Olanrewjau S Oladokun, Prof Dr, o.sulaiman@umt.edu.my, 60177244339
Kuala Terengganu/ Terengganu Malaysia
Other SDGs
United Nations