United Nations
The Islands and Oceans Net, IO Net
by The Ocean Policy Research Institute of Sasakawa Peace Foundation, former Ship and Ocean Foundation, as a secretariat for IO Net (Civil society organization)
The Islands and Oceans Net, IO Net is an international collaborative network for the organisations and individuals, called Partners who support the Joint Policy Recommendations For the Better Conservation and Management of Islands and Their Surrounding Ocean Areas, and collaborate and cooperate on a voluntary basis to implement it.

The Ocean Policy Research Foundation, currently, the Ocean Policy Research Institute of the Sasakawa Peace Foundation has launched this network together with the Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security, ANCORS and others involved in ocean and island matters at a side event organized during the Third International Conference on Small Island Developing States held in Samoa in September 2014.

The Joint Policy Recommendation address issues such as conservation and management of islands, management of surrounding oceans and responses to climate change and variability. IO Net promotes the collection and sharing of information required for achieving its objectives, and supports the development and implementation of projects to be undertaken by the Partners. The Partners of IO Net meet and discuss on specific themes of their interests and develop concrete projects. After the project development, the project members will manage the projects autonomously.

The Partners of IO Net will mobilize project budgets respectively. The Ocean Policy Research Institute serves as a secretariat for IO Net. The operational costs of IO Net secretariat will be financed by the Ocean Policy Research Institute.
Progress reports
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
Type of commitment
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Plastics recovery/recycling/reuse
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Ecosystem-based Adaptation
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
Type of commitment
  • Scientific research and cooperation to address ocean acidification knowledge gaps
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Eco-labelling, traceability, certification programmes
  • Market-based instruments (Individually Traded Quotas, Vessel Day Schemes, etc.)
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • Multiple use marine protected area
  • Locally or community managed marine areas
  • MPA management and/or enforcement
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Economic benefits from marine renewable energy
  • Economic benefits from sustainable transport
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
  • Scientific, socioeconomic and interdisciplinary research
  • Research capacity development
  • Training and professional development
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
  • Community empowerment for fisheries management
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
  • Activities to raise awareness of the comprehensive legal and policy framework for the sustainable development of oceans and seas, in particular UNCLOS, its Implementing Agreements and other relevant ocean-related instruments and promote their effective im
  • Activities to develop the capacity of States towards broader participation in and effective implementation of UNCLOS and its implementing Agreements
  • Strengthening ocean governance, for example through the development of a national ocean policy or regional ocean policy
June 2020
Improved conservation and management of islands through development of projects on; Development of Island Management Strategies, Ecological Engineering for Land Conservation, and Coastal Ecosystem (Coral Reef, Mangrove Forests and Seagrass bed) Conservation Project using ICM Package
June 2020
Better management of surrounding ocean areas, through development of projects on; Platform for Capacity Building and Promotion of Marine Scientific Research, Establishment of Baselines and Maritime Limits, and Maintenance and Securing of Shipping Services
June 2020
Response to climate change and variability, through development of projects on; Integrated Costal Zone Management for Mitigation of Disasters in the Independent State of Samoa, Initiation of Regional Monitoring Network Platform for Ocean Acidification, and Resettlement and Rehabilitation of Cross-border Environmentally Displaced Persons
June 2020
Enhanced capacity building and institutional strengthening efforts through projects on; Platform for Capacity Building and Promotion of Marine Scientific Research, and Establishment of Baselines and Maritime Limits
Staff / Technical expertise
IO Net Partners, including the Ocean Policy Research Institute, will contribute relevant staff / technical expertise for respective projects.
In-kind contribution
IO Net Partners will mobilize in-kind contributions for respective projects. The costs for facilities and personnel of IO Net secretariat will be contributed by the Ocean Policy Research Institute.
Basic information
Time-frame: 09/2014 - 12/2030
The Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security - ANCORS, The Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme - SPREP, The Pacific Community - SPC, The University of the South Pacific - USP, The University of Tokyo
Ocean Basins
  • North Pacific
  • South Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Various stakeholders in island countries such as governments, universities, research institutes, NGOs, businesses and local people, as well as partners in Japan
Contact information
Miko Maekawa, Senior Research Fellow, oceanpolicy@spf.or.jp , +81-3-5157-5210
Tokyo, Japan
Other SDGs
United Nations