United Nations
Tun Mustapha Park - win-win for conservation and people
by WWF (Non-governmental organization (NGO))
Project Site: Tun Mustapha Park, Kudat-Banggi Priority Conservation Area, Borneo Island, Sabah State, Kudat, Pitas and Kota Marudu Districts, Malaysia.
Tun Mustapha Park (TMP) in Sabah, Malaysia is an 898,762 hectare MPA with more than 50 islands and islets located across Kudat, Pitas and Kota Marudu districts in Kudat-Banggi Priority Conservation Area. Situated in an area of the western Pacific Ocean, this park will help protect coral reefs, mangroves, seagrasses, and productive fishing grounds that are valuable for people in this area.

Objectives of the Project (for 5 years):

Establishment of TMP as an effectively-managed area achieved through collaborative management and environmental stewardship, implementation of Ecosystem Approaches to Fisheries Management, and implementation of a zoning plan to produce win-win outcomes both for conserving biodiversity and fostering economic activities that are compatible with ocean health and peoples well-being.

Expected Results:

Through this five-year project, TMP will contribute towards: (i) generating income, livelihoods, and food security benefits for coastal communities; (ii) conserving the Coral Triangles rich biological diversity in Malaysia; (iii) building resilience of coastal habitats and communities to climate change and other environmental and economic impacts; iv) putting in place a sustainable financing mechanism; and iv) strengthening institutional capacity for partnership and collaborative management of TMP including research and monitoring.

A healthy marine ecosystem that continues to provide food, coastal protection, sustainable industry sectors such as fisheries, aquaculture / mariculture, ecotourism, and climate regulation are among the main expected changes to be achieved by the project.

The changes will include: reduced fishing effort on key species of fish resulting in increased fish stocks/biomass; reduced destructive activities; increased protection of critical marine habitats that lead to healthier mangroves, coral reefs, and seagrass beds; reduced disturbance and threats to iconic marine species by tourists and divers; and reduced footprint including reduced marine debris especially plastic.

As a successful model for other Coral Triangle countries and beyond, the project is expected to motivate other communities, governments, business and industry, and stakeholders to become advocates for biodiversity protection and marine conservation and establish MPAs and networks of MPAs leading to more areas of protection, sustainable management, and improved connectivity between areas and habitats.

Reporting: Annual technical and financial report
Progress reports
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
Type of commitment
  • Coastal clean-ups
  • Plastics product bans or restrictions
  • Plastics recovery/recycling/reuse
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Marine Spatial Planning
  • Ecosystem-based Adaptation
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Reduction of fisheries by-catch and product waste/losses
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • Multiple use marine protected area
  • Locally or community managed marine areas
  • MPA management and/or enforcement
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Economic benefits from sustainable tourism
  • Economic benefits from sustainable aquaculture/mariculture
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
  • Scientific, socioeconomic and interdisciplinary research
  • Research capacity development
  • Data access and sharing
  • Scientific cooperation
  • Actions that support SIDS and LDCs
Conserving the Coral Triangles rich biological diversity in Malaysia
Building resilience of coastal habitats and communities to climate change and other environmental and economic impacts; iv) putting in place a sustainable financing mechanism
Strengthening institutional capacity for partnership and collaborative management of TMP including research and monitoring.
generating income, livelihoods, and food security benefits for coastal communities
Financing (in USD)
800,000 USD
Staff / Technical expertise
WWF staff time
Basic information
Time-frame: 2017 - 2022
Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Environment (Government) Sabah Parks, Sabah Fisheries Department, Sabah Wildlife Department (Government) Local government units District Offices of Kudat, Kota Marudu and Pitas (Government) 80,000 coastal inhabitants of diverse ethnic groups in the local government units of TMP (other relevant actors/civil society) Marine industry sectors i.e. tourism operators and fisheries (Private sector) Universities Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, University of Queensland etc. (Academic Institutions) Civil societies Kudat Turtle Conservation Society, Banggi Youth Club, etc. (Civil society organisations)
Ocean Basins
  • South Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Robecca Jumin, Marine Programme Manager, WWF Malaysia, rjumin@wwf.org.my,
Other SDGs
United Nations