The sustainable use of the oceans and their biodiversity depends on appropriate planning and management of human uses. Marine/maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) plays a vital role in that sense: in maximizing the potential of maritime activities and uses, ensuring space for their development, arbitrating in case of conflicts it can bring long-term stability and transparency for economic operators whilst ensuring that we do not oppress the health of the marine environment.
The take-up of MSP is increasing worldwide and a significant body of experience and best practice has been developed over the last decade. However, there are still different levels of implementation of MSP processes in the world, including areas where MSP is in its infancy and where joint learning, improved cooperation or capacity building is needed, or areas where arrangements for MSP may exist but a strategic approach to facilitate coordination would be beneficial.
However, more work is needed. That is the reason why the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO (IOC-UNESCO) and the Directorate-General for Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the European Commission (DG MARE) adopted on 24 March 2017 a "Joint Roadmap to accelerate Maritime/Marine Spatial Planning processes worldwide". It will contribute to sketching out a vision and a role for MSP in implementing Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development, and in particular the dedicated goal SDG 14, in a comprehensive, consistent and holistic way, both within the EU and beyond at the international level.
This roadmap identifies common priorities and concrete proposals for actions to be implemented in the coming years to encourage the development of marine/maritime spatial planning in all seas and oceans of the globe with the objective to triple the area of territorial waters benefiting from marine spatial planning by 2030.
Priority area 1: Transboundary Marine/Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP)
Actions 1-3: develop guidance, launch pilot projects in 2018, hold an international conference on MSP 2021
Priority area 2: Blue economy
Actions 4-5: develop indicators, publish a study, hold a MSP and BG Conference 2017
Priority area 3: Ecosystem-based Marine/Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP)
Key actions 6: develop knowledge on EBA, GES, ecosystems
Priority area 4: Capacity building
Key actions 7 -8: develop training, launch a pilot project
Priority area 5: Building Mutual understanding
Key actions 9 -10: launch an International MSP Forum in 2018, develop communication tools
Marine spatial plans now cover almost 10% of the world's exclusive economic zones (EEZ), this voluntary commitment aims at covering 1/3 of the world EEZ with MSP processes by 2030.
Full reading of the Joint roadmap to accelerate marine/maritime spatial planning processes worldwide: https://ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/content/mapping-priorities-and-actions-maritimemarine-spatial-planning-worldwide-joint-roadmap_en
Creation of an international forum for Marine/Maritime Spatial Planning (2 workshops in 2018/2 workshops in 2019)
Launch of two pilots projects on cross-border Marine/Maritime Spatial Planning (Feb 2018- Dec 2020)
Developing guidance on transboundary Marine/Maritime Spatial Planning (2020)
3rd International Conference on Marine/Maritime Spatial Planning (June 2021)