Smart Substrates for Super Corals: Reef Life Restoration (RLR) nano-engineered reef habitats, wave break and living shoreline modules use environmentally sustainable materials as specific coral species growth substrates, mimicking the complex composition of natural coral reefs. The vision of this project is to deploy these smart substrates on reefs worldwide and use these technologies to protect, restore or migrate coral populations around the world, as many of the worlds scientists feel that entire reef populations will have to be moved to cooler waters, such as the Great Barrier Reef, where there are no structures to receive them. RLR substrates can serve as Living Shorelines wave protection as well as individual boat mooring surrounds to prevent further damage to reefs and MPA regions from anchoring. RLR maintains that a diverse set of substrates is necessary for increased coral environments, which promote more fish and species interaction than one material. This innovation process is the reason for striations of mineral layers, thus creating more natural habitat structures which have been requested by global coral laboratory researchers. RLR also developed smart substrates with variable surface pH values, so that farmed coral out planting can have higher success rates.The smart substrates assemble like architectural origami units. Each unit can be outfitted with a combination of the ten novel growth formulations, custom surface topography, and other species-specific features such as farmed coral attachment holes or spawning bed textures. As a result of these customizable features, each smart substrate can be planted with a different species of coral that is able to quickly and effectively reach maturity, and thrive in this specialized environment. Biocompatible and highly diverse surface textures and formulations on and within these substrates are designed to function like established coral, including small holes where fertilized coral larvae can attach, be protected and grow to reproductive stage adulthood. Contrary to current artificial reef structures, these smart coral substrates are robust enough to survive extreme weather, increased sedimentation levels, and changes to the broader ecosystem. https://www.reefliferestoration.com Please contact our engineering/materials science/design teams for advanced marine infrastructure units for wave deflection to specific species growth habitats, ART Dive Reefs, aquaculture and other growth substrates.