The National Government, Region of Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica and its Regional Council (CORE) are working on an agenda for the implementation of the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve (CHBR), which includes incorporating the Diego Ramrez Islands. It proposes the creation of a Marine Protected Area that will protect representative coastal and ocean ecosystems, which are part of Chile's exclusive economic zone and are at the southern-tip of the sub-Antarctic Magellanic natural laboratory, one of the most important in the world.
With the addition of Diego Ramrez Islands, a large conservation area will be available for development of sustainable tourism, scientific research, and education. We are developing a model that integrates science and education into environmental and economic sustainability through three areas of work.
1. Extension and management plan for the environmental, social, and economic sustainability of the CHBR, its implementation and expansion with the inclusion of the new Cape Horn Marine Protected Area, which also protects terrestrial ecosystems.
2. Expansion and consolidation of the Cape Horn Long-Term Ecological Research Network (Cape Horn- LTER), which includes (a) monitoring and experimental permanent plots in terrestrial, freshwater and marine ecosystems, and (b) biogeochemical and climatic record stations in the Diego Ramrez archipelago (Gonzalo Island), Cape Horn archipelago (Horn Island), and Omora Ethnobotanical Park (at different altitudinal levels).
3. Launch of the Cape Horn Sub-Antarctic Center (CSCH) in Puerto Williams with its three work areas: professional- technical education in special interest tourism, Cape Horn Visitors Center and Sustainable Tourism Observatory, and Biocultural Research Center.
The construction of the CSCH in Puerto Williams will allow training in: (i) subantarctic gastronomy for members of the local community, as well as national and international chefs, (ii) scientific tourism guides, and (iii) specialization of public officials in conservation and monitoring of subantarctic terrestrial and marine protected areas. Additionally, this will be the southernmost LTER site in the Americas. This transdisciplinary scientific endeavor will be addressed with a multiple-scale management model developed by the University of Magallanes and the Omora Foundation, which has formally incorporated the participation of the Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity and the Catholic University of Chile, together with a network of international institutions led by the University of North Texas, U.S.A.
The governance of the CHBR as a whole is led by the national and regional government of Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica, together with its ministries and public services, the provincial government of Chilean Antarctica, the Cape Horn Municipality, the Chilean Navy, and representatives from public and private sectors. It is an ambitious, innovative agenda for public policy, which has had continuity for 20 years, and now extends to the southernmost sub-Antarctic islands and seas of the Magellanic region. The State of Chile has committed to conserve the unique biological and cultural heritage of the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve, fostering sustainable development through long-term research, capacity building at different levels, and the installation of the new Sub-Antarctic Cape Horn Center.
Extension of the Cape Horn Long-Term Ecological Research network (Cape Horn-LTER). The implementation of new LTER sites on Gonzalo Island (Diego Ramirez Archipelago), Horn Island (Cape Horn Archipelago), and the altitudinal series of sites at Omora Park (Navarino Island) was started in November 2016. Partnership with the Chilean Long-Term Socio- Ecological Research network (LTSER-Chile), and the International Long-Term Ecological Research (ILTER) network began in December 2016. The functioning of Cape Horn LTER will be communicated both nationally and internationally during 2017. These Cape Horn- LTER sites are within the framework of commitments made by the State of Chile at COP 21, because they provide key data to monitor and to understand the dynamics of global climate change, representing an essential information for mitigation and adaptation policies to global climate change.
Construction of the Cape Horn Sub-Antarctic Center (CHSC), Puerto Williams. The CHSC considers three areas of work: (i) Technical and professional education on tourism of special interests with areas of specialization in sub-Antarctic gastronomy, training of guides on scientific tourism, and training of park rangers, public officials, navy personnel, and other citizens in conservation and monitoring of terrestrial and marine protected areas; (ii) Visitors Center to the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve in partnership with the local community, tourism operators, as well as socio-environmentally friendly Cruise lines; (iii) It will be the southernmost long-term ecological research center of the Americas, located in one of the few areas of the world that has not been altered by the pervasive air pollution of the Industrial Age, and consequently contains the purest rainwater in the world. Therefore, it provides a pre-industrial baseline natural laboratory for global ecological research. Research will also integrate environmental policy, arts, humanities and environmental ethics into biocultural conservation and sustainable tourism. This transdisciplinary scientific challenge has been undertaken since 2000 by the Sub-Antarctic Biocultural Conservation Program of the Omora Ethnobotanical Park coordinated by the University of Magallanes, the Institute of Ecology and Biodiversity (IEB-Chile) and the Omora Foundation in collaboration with the University of North Texas (USA); in 2017, Omora Foundation formally incorporated into its structure the participation of IEB-Chile and the P. Catholic University of Chile. The Sub-Antarctic Biocultural Conservation Program also includes a broad network of collaborations with international research centers and universities. The design of the CHSC was completed in October 2016 by a partnership between architects from Chile (under the direction of Cristian Ostertag) and the US (Ennead Architects, New York). The funding for the construction was approved by the Regional Council of the Region of Magallanes and Chilean Antarctica in November 2016. The proposal for the construction will be open for bids in June 2017. The construction is planned to start in October 2017, and to be completed by December 2018.
Extension of the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve (CHBR). The proposed extension of this reserve will protect new terrestrial and marine ecosystems. This extension was announced in the Decadal Report (2005-2015) submitted to MaB-UNESCO in September 2016. The new areas will add approximately 15 million hectares of marine ecosystems, and 150 thousand hectares of terrestrial ecosystems. The Full Proposal to UNESCO for the extension of the CHBR will submitted in September 2017.
Creation of the Cape Horn Marine Protected Area. The new MPA will contribute to fulfilling the commitment that Chile has assumed by 2020 under the Convention on Biological Diversity to protect 10% of its marine area (AICHI Target 11).
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1) Extension of the Cape Horn Biosphere Reserve: Basal Financing Program for Scientific and Technological Centers of Excellence - National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT) & Corporation for the Foment of Production (CORFO
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2) Creation of the Cape Horn Marine Protected Area: Basal Financing Program for Scientific and Technological Centers of Excellence - National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT) & Corporation for the Foment of Production (CO
Other, please specify
3) Extension of the Cape Horn Long-Term Ecological Research network (Cape Horn-LTER): Basal Financing Program for Scientific and Technological Centers of Excellence - National Commission for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICYT) & Corporatio
Other, please specify
4) Construction of the Cape Horn Sub-Antarctic Center (CHSC), Puerto Williams: Development Fund of Magallanes (Fondo de Desarrollo de Magallanes, FONDEMA), Regional Government of Magallanes and Chilean Antarctic, Chile. (USD 12,500,000)