Bay of Bengal harbouring all coastal countries - Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Indonesia - have the highest record of disasters historically. Governments in the Bay of Bengal coast have formulated climate change policy and strengthened their efforts adapting to the adverse effects. In recent years, the development community has become increasingly concerned about losses and damages due to climate change impacts and intensified their efforts in climate change adaptation and risk reduction. But Sunderban Mangroves, the largest delta region spread over both Bangladesh & India, and one of the most densely populated region on the earth, is hardly prepared for even partial submergence & consequent mass migration.
Concern Worldwide facilitated with the support of European Aid has facilitated a multi-country program which was implemented in partnership with local partners in the region and promoted the initiative with the following mission.
Goal: To share latest developments and discourse on community resilience building processes across the
region by addressing the core issues of climate change
Objective: To provide an opportunity to multi-stakeholders for knowledge exchange on issues related to Climate Change Adaptation linked with Disaster Risk Reduction Action and contribute to enhanced community resilience for sustainable development.
Streamlining the efforts in an integrated way to address the effects of climate change across the Bay of Bengal regions, the 1st Sub-Regional Workshop was held in Odisha from 12th 14th July 2012 followed by 2nd Sub-Regional Workshop held in Dhaka from 25th 27th October 2013. The 3rd Workshop was held at Kolkata, India on 11 -12 March 2015 involving more than 48 organisations and launching a Charter endorsed by more than 220 representatives from governments, policy makers, civil societies, media houses, academic researchers and community leaders from Nepal, Myanmar and Sri Lanka as well as from Bangladesh and India.
Underlining the need for an integrated action on CCA & DRR and recognizing the need for consensus on key priorities in 2015, the 3 Sub-Regional Workshop on Community Resilience to Climate Change in Bay Bengal culminated a sub-regional climate change resilience platform which also suggested a collective Citizens Charter to strategically reinforce the Resilience Agenda for the Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA2)during the 3rd World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (WCDRR) in Sendai, the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP) in Paris for the next phase of Kyoto Protocol Action and finally targeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) in 2015.
Although, the project supported by Concern Worldwide and European Union ended in 2016 but the process of mobilisation of the sub-regional initiative continue to reinforce the agenda in the Bay of Bengal region. The Forum is coordinated by the nominated members of the local institutions, Universities and Individuals engaged in the resilience building initiatives to constitute a steering committee and the Secretariat based in Kolkata (through PRISM).
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
- Integrated Coastal Management
- Ecosystem-based Adaptation
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
- Community empowerment for fisheries management
Enhanced investment in community resilience at sub-regional level in collaboration with key stakeholders engaged in CCA/DRR
Disseminate lessons derived as a summary charter on community resilience in global forums to address the regional issues
Establish effective networking among Policy Makers, Civil Society actors, Knowledge Institutions and Parliamentarians to develop strategies for advocacy action on integration of the resilience in planning and policies
Scaling up the good practices on community based adaptation with relevant national and regional policy recommendations for resilience building