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Fostering the conservation and sustainable use of marine Biological Diversity through the International Climate Initiative (IKI)
by Germany, Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU) (Government)
The German Government through the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB) facilitates via a range of bilateral, regional as well as global projects to the protection of coastal and marine areas in partner countries, their effective and sustainable management and long-term funding.

In addition to the focus on marine protected areas, other important aspects of cooperation include the support for sustainable artisanal fisheries and certification, combating of illegal fishing, reduction of pollution and the protection of coastal population from the consequences of climate change. The projects contribute substantially to the achievement of the SDGs especially SDG 14 as well as the Aichi Biodiversity Targets, specifically related to coastal and marine challenges.

The Funding volume for IKI projects in the field of coastal and marine biodiversity conservation ranges around 16 Million Euro in 2015 and 43 Million Euro in 2016. For 2017 an amount of 25 Million Euro is targeted. And also the 2018 funding program will have a specific focus on the protection of oceans. As deliverables 4 successful operating IKI projects are listed exemplarily.
Progress reports
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Marine Spatial Planning
  • Large Marine Ecosystem approach
  • Ecosystem-based Adaptation
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Reduction of fisheries by-catch and product waste/losses
  • Eco-labelling, traceability, certification programmes
  • Market-based instruments (Individually Traded Quotas, Vessel Day Schemes, etc.)
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • No take marine protected area
  • Marine protected area with partial protection
  • Multiple use marine protected area
  • Locally or community managed marine areas
  • MPA management and/or enforcement
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Economic benefits from sustainable tourism
  • Economic benefits from sustainable aquaculture/mariculture
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
  • Legal/policy/institutional measures
  • Access to market-based instruments
  • Transfer of fishing technology
  • Access to coastal fishing grounds
  • Access and capacity building for eco-labelling and traceability systems
  • Community empowerment for fisheries management
April 2020
Protection and sustainable, fair usage of marine biodiversity in the Benguela Current Marine Ecoregion - The project aims to improve sustainable transboundary management of marine biodiversity and natural marine resources in the Benguela Current by further developing the corresponding capacity of the Benguela Current Commission (BCC) and its member states. To this end, ecologically or biologically significant marine areas (EBSAs) are being identified and described, and the project partners are being advised on the establishment of an appropriate management regime. In addition, the project is institutionalising and implementing a regionally coordinated approach to marine spatial planning (MSP). Results and experiences drawn from the project as well as the tested concepts and instruments for managing EBSAs and MSP will be further disseminated both in the region and beyond to ensure their integration into national, regional and international policy and negotiation processes. German grant: 9,009,000 Euro. https://www.international-climate-initiative.com/en/projects/projects/details/402/
December 2019
MAMI WATA-Project - Enhancing marine management in West Africa through training and application The project aims to improve integrated marine management approaches in the countries of the Abidjan Convention by: the conservation of marine and coastal ecosystems and biodiversity, sustainable resource use and long-term provision of ecosystem services. German grant: 3,564,365 Euro. https://www.international-climate-initiative.com/en/projects/projects/details/479/
December 2019
GOBI-Project - The project aims to use ecologically or biologically significant area (EBSA) descriptions as the basis for promoting environmental protection and management for specific areas of the worlds oceans. German grant: 5,282,200 Euro. https://www.international-climate-initiative.com/en/projects/projects/details/482/
June 2018
Blue Solutions-Project - 'Implementation of the strategic plan of the Biodiversity Convention in marine and coastal ecosystems'. - The project is implemented by GIZ, GRID-Arendal, IUCN, UN Environment. The project is to develop a 'Blue Solutions' network committed to safeguarding the sustainable use and restoration of marine and coastal ecosystems through protected area management. Network participants exchange information on strategies, instruments and experience in this area, in addition to developing and testing pilot measures. To this end, the project organises workshops and has set up an online platform. It also documents the results of knowledge exchange and subsequently advises on how best to integrate and implement agreed approaches into national and regional strategies and planning processes. In this way, with the help of the project, the partner countries contribute to implementing one of the key areas of activity of the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD). German grant: 8,150,000 Euro. https://www.international-climate-initiative.com/en/projects/projects/details/281
Financing (in USD)
27,000,000 USD
Staff / Technical expertise
Capacity Development via the IKI projects
Basic information
Time-frame: 2018 June - 2020 April
Governments, Civil society organisations, IGOs and NGOs in the beneficiary countries
Ocean Basins
  • Global
  • Indian Ocean
  • North Atlantic
  • North Pacific
  • South Atlantic
  • South Pacific
  • Southern Ocean
Beneficiary countries
Cabo Verde
Costa Rica
Côte d'Ivoire
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Equatorial Guinea
Republic of Congo
Sao Tome and Principe
South Africa
Sri Lanka
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Thomas Borchers, Mr., NI3@bmu.bund.de, ++49 228 305 99 2629
Bonn, Germany
Other SDGs
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