United Nations
15 September 2021 - Our website is currently experiencing technical issues which prevent users from registering new initiatives/commitments, updating existing ones, submit progress reports and accurately using the search filters. We are working tirelessly to fix these issues. Please keep checking this website for updates.
Building Resilience of the Land, People and Fijis Oceans
by WWF Pacific (Non-governmental organization (NGO))
Fijis Great Sea Reef (GSR), locally known as the Cakaulevu is the southern hemispheres third longest continuous barrier reef system. Running over 200km in length from the northern most tip of the island of Vanua Levu to the outer most barrier reefs and the near-shore fringing reefs of the Yasawa Islands, the GSR is home to a high value coral reef biodiversity area. Four (Labasa, Dreketi, Ba and Nadi) of the six major rivers of Fiji drain into the GSR. Two of the major deltas Labasa and Ba Deltas consist of mangrove systems and much of the sea grasses which are important for turtles, fish nursery grounds, food and economic security and protect coastal communities from erosion and extreme weather conditions.

The reef has been part of the Fijian culture and way of life for centuries, providing sustenance, protection and supports a diverse range of industries from fishing to tourism being the highest revenue earner for the past decade. The GSR is a test of the fine balance between development and resource management for Fiji.

The GSR faces numerous unprecedented challenges of the modern times. Rapid population growth, urban expansion, increasing demand for natural resources, frequent intense cyclones, tidal waves, flooding and landslides, ineffective policies and weak legislations are placing an enormous deal of pressure on this fragile ecosystem.

1. By 2025, The Great Sea Reef and coastal ecosystems are healthy and resilient to a changing climate, supporting sustainable and inclusive livelihoods, food security, sustainable economic growth and community wellbeing.
2. Local communities enjoy secured land rights and control over resource planning and use.
3. Sugarcane, agriculture, forestry, fishing and tourism industries are productive, sustainable and internationally competitive, and underpin the resilience of the ecosystem goods and services on which they depend.

We will achieve this by:
1. Defining and integrated management approach to collectively manage the GSR system possibly using a jurisdictional REDD+ / landscape approach, climate change adaptation and landscape restoration approach.
2. Utilizing available literature and working with relevant Government and existing frameworks to build sustainable land use policies and define implementation frameworks
3. Undertaking a comprehensive carbon measuring and offset calculations for targeted sites within the four provinces covering the GSR Ba, Ra, Macuata and Bua
4. Consult with national stakeholders to develop appropriate implementation strategies benefiting industry partners, local communities and other partners.
5. Create one of the worlds first adaptation and resilience programmes that brings together the land, people and ocean.
6. Guarantee food and economic security, whilst ensuring best practice fisheries and land use management.
7. Build a bottom up approach through community engagement and participation whilst developing requisite land use and fisheries management policies.
Progress reports
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
Type of commitment
  • Coastal clean-ups
  • Plastics product bans or restrictions
  • Plastics recovery/recycling/reuse
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Marine Spatial Planning
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
Type of commitment
  • Coastal carbon sinks/blue carbon
  • Adaptation to more acidic ocean conditions
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Reduction of fisheries by-catch and product waste/losses
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • No take marine protected area
  • Locally or community managed marine areas
  • MPA management and/or enforcement
By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
Type of commitment
  • Removal or reduction of harmful fisheries subsidies
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Economic benefits from sustainable tourism
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
  • Actions that support SIDS and LDCs
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
  • Legal/policy/institutional measures
  • Community empowerment for fisheries management
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
  • Strengthening ocean governance, for example through the development of a national ocean policy or regional ocean policy
Sustainable fisheries Management Plan for the GSR System whose outcome is the improvement in fish stock linked to and reflect better integrated landscape management
An integrated Management Strategy for the GSR reef system is defined and implemented using appropriate land and marine spatial planning tools
An integrated, holistic sustainable land use plans for 4 provinces (Bua, Ra, Macuata and Ba)
Integrated Landscape Management to achieve sustainable landscape for the 4 provinces
Financing (in USD)
100,000 USD
Staff / Technical expertise
WWF staff time
Basic information
Time-frame: 01/2017 - 12/2025
Government of Fiji relevant Ministries Communities Wildlife Conservation Society Fiji Fiji Locally Managed Marine Areas Private Sector: Fiji Sugar Industries Tourism Industries Fiji Hotels and Tourism Association, SPTO Fisheries Industries Fishing Solander, Sequest, Fiji Fishing Industries Association, Lyndhurst reef fish Forestry Fiji Pine FSC
Ocean Basins
  • South Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
The people of Fiji
Contact information
Alfred Ralifo, Policy Coordinator, aralifo@wwfpacific.org,
Other SDGs
United Nations