United Nations
Building Resilience of the Land, People and Fijis Oceans
by WWF Pacific (Non-governmental organization (NGO))
Fijis Great Sea Reef (GSR), locally known as the Cakaulevu is the southern hemispheres third longest continuous barrier reef system. Running over 200km in length from the northern most tip of the island of Vanua Levu to the outer most barrier reefs and the near-shore fringing reefs of the Yasawa Islands, the GSR is home to a high value coral reef biodiversity area. Four (Labasa, Dreketi, Ba and Nadi) of the six major rivers of Fiji drain into the GSR. Two of the major deltas Labasa and Ba Deltas consist of mangrove systems and much of the sea grasses which are important for turtles, fish nursery grounds, food and economic security and protect coastal communities from erosion and extreme weather conditions.

The reef has been part of the Fijian culture and way of life for centuries, providing sustenance, protection and supports a diverse range of industries from fishing to tourism being the highest revenue earner for the past decade. The GSR is a test of the fine balance between development and resource management for Fiji.

The GSR faces numerous unprecedented challenges of the modern times. Rapid population growth, urban expansion, increasing demand for natural resources, frequent intense cyclones, tidal waves, flooding and landslides, ineffective policies and weak legislations are placing an enormous deal of pressure on this fragile ecosystem.

1. By 2025, The Great Sea Reef and coastal ecosystems are healthy and resilient to a changing climate, supporting sustainable and inclusive livelihoods, food security, sustainable economic growth and community wellbeing.
2. Local communities enjoy secured land rights and control over resource planning and use.
3. Sugarcane, agriculture, forestry, fishing and tourism industries are productive, sustainable and internationally competitive, and underpin the resilience of the ecosystem goods and services on which they depend.

We will achieve this by:
1. Defining and integrated management approach to collectively manage the GSR system possibly using a jurisdictional REDD+ / landscape approach, climate change adaptation and landscape restoration approach.
2. Utilizing available literature and working with relevant Government and existing frameworks to build sustainable land use policies and define implementation frameworks
3. Undertaking a comprehensive carbon measuring and offset calculations for targeted sites within the four provinces covering the GSR Ba, Ra, Macuata and Bua
4. Consult with national stakeholders to develop appropriate implementation strategies benefiting industry partners, local communities and other partners.
5. Create one of the worlds first adaptation and resilience programmes that brings together the land, people and ocean.
6. Guarantee food and economic security, whilst ensuring best practice fisheries and land use management.
7. Build a bottom up approach through community engagement and participation whilst developing requisite land use and fisheries management policies.
Progress reports
Sustainable fisheries Management Plan for the GSR System whose outcome is the improvement in fish stock linked to and reflect better integrated landscape management
An integrated Management Strategy for the GSR reef system is defined and implemented using appropriate land and marine spatial planning tools
An integrated, holistic sustainable land use plans for 4 provinces (Bua, Ra, Macuata and Ba)
Integrated Landscape Management to achieve sustainable landscape for the 4 provinces
Financing (in USD)
100,000 USD
Staff / Technical expertise
WWF staff time
Basic information
Time-frame: 01/2017 - 12/2025
Government of Fiji relevant Ministries Communities Wildlife Conservation Society Fiji Fiji Locally Managed Marine Areas Private Sector: Fiji Sugar Industries Tourism Industries Fiji Hotels and Tourism Association, SPTO Fisheries Industries Fishing Solander, Sequest, Fiji Fishing Industries Association, Lyndhurst reef fish Forestry Fiji Pine FSC
Ocean Basins
  • South Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
The people of Fiji
Contact information
Alfred Ralifo, Policy Coordinator, aralifo@wwfpacific.org,
Other SDGs
United Nations