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Addressing acidification
by Iceland Ministry for the Environment and Natural Resources (Government)
Measurements show rapid acidification in the ocean around Iceland, posing a serious threat to the marine environment. Iceland is committed to the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions in line with its commitments under the Paris Agreement, the only effective action to slow down and halt ocean acidification. The Icelandic government launched work on a new climate mitigation action plan on 5 May 2017, with the signing of a declaration by the Prime Minister and five other ministers.

Iceland commits to produce an updated climate mitigation strategy by the end of 2017, aimed at ensuring that Iceland can meet its commitments under the Paris Agreement up until 2030. This strategy will address, inter alia: reduced emissions from transport and fisheries by using low-carbon fuels and electricity and other means; green taxes and incentives; reduced waste and better waste handling; carbon capture and mineralization in rock; and increased carbon uptake by afforestation, revegetation and wetland reclamation.

Iceland will aim to enhance research and monitoring on the effects of acidification on the marine ecosystem, and possible socio-economic consequences. Ocean acidification poses a long-term threat, with profound and potentially disastrous consequences, which must be taken into account for climate adaptation. These effects will be taken into account in Iceland's climate adaptation strategies.

Iceland has committed to contribute 1 million USD over a five-year period to the Green Climate Fund.
Progress reports
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
Type of commitment
  • Carbon capture and sequestration
  • CO2 emission reductions (energy efficiency, renewable energy, etc.)
  • Adaptation to more acidic ocean conditions
  • Scientific research and cooperation to address ocean acidification knowledge gaps
June 2017
Enhanced research and monitoring on the effects of acidification on the marine ecosystem and possible socio-economic consequences
May 2017
Climate mitigation strategy by the end of 2017 (whole of government approach)
Contribution of 1 Million USD to the Green Climate Fund over a five-year period
Staff / Technical expertise
Prioritization and coordination of ongoing efforts
Basic information
Time-frame: 2017 May - ongoing
Prime Minister's Office (Government), Ministry of Finance (Government), Ministry of Transport and Local Government (Government), Ministry of Industries and Innovation (Government), Marine and Freshwater Research Institute (Government), The Environmental Agency of Iceland (Government)
Ocean Basins
  • Global
  • North Atlantic
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Hugi Olafsson, Director General, Department of Oceans, Water and Climate, hugi.olafsson@uar.is, +3548962130
Reykjavik, Iceland
Other SDGs
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