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Promoting maritime spatial planning to achieve good environment status of oceans and seas.
by Ministère de la Transition écologique et solidaire (chargé de la mer) (Government)
France commits herself to adopt by 2021, on an ecosystem-based approach, maritime spatial planning plans aiming to promote a sustainable coexistence of uses in the maritime space and to achieve good environmental status of oceans and seas that are clean, healthy and productive.

The high and rapidly increasing demand for maritime space for different purposes, such as installations for the production of energy from renewable sources, oil and gas exploration and exploitation, maritime shipping and fishing activities, ecosystem and biodiversity conservation, the extraction of raw materials, tourism, aquaculture installations and underwater cultural heritage, as well as the multiple pressures on coastal resources, require indeed an integrated planning and management approach.

In order to promote the sustainable coexistence of uses and, where applicable, the appropriate apportionment of relevant uses in the maritime space, a framework should be effectively put in place in order to promote the sustainable growth of maritime economies, the sustainable development of marine areas and the sustainable use of marine resources. In this perspective, a global analysis and detailed monitoring of marine environmental status shall be conducted, including land-sea interactions and pressures.

By taking into account land-sea interactions, maritime spatial planning can play a very useful role in determining orientations related to sustainable and integrated management of human activities at sea, preservation of the living environment, the fragility of coastal ecosystems, erosion and social and economic factors.

The aim is to achieve good environmental status of oceans and seas that are clean, healthy and productive.
Progress reports
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Marine Spatial Planning
  • Large Marine Ecosystem approach
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Economic benefits from sustainable tourism
  • Economic benefits from sustainable aquaculture/mariculture
  • Economic benefits from marine renewable energy
  • Economic benefits from marine biotechnology
  • Economic benefits from sustainable transport
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
  • Strengthening ocean governance, for example through the development of a national ocean policy or regional ocean policy
December 2018
Evaluation of marine environmental status within each sea basin, by 2018.
December 2018
Definition of environnemental issues, socio-economical and environmental strategic objectives and marine spatial plans by 2018.
December 2021
Adoption of four complete integrated action plans before 2021 and four as well for overseas territories as soon as possible.
Staff / Technical expertise
more or less 35 staff directly involved in government offices, tecnical and scientific work done by the French Agency for Biodiversity (AFB), the Cerema and the French Research Institute for Exploitation of the Sea (Ifremer) in relation with the scientifi
In-kind contribution
participation of some 600 stakeholders to the discussions through the sea basin maritime councils
Basic information
Time-frame: 2017 June - 2021 December
At European level: the Commission for the regulation framework (the Marine strategy framework directive and the Maritime spatial planning framework directive), the neighbouring EU member states for planning cooperation and coordination. At national level: technical work by public bodies (government services, public agencies AFB, Cerema and IFREMER); association of stakeholders and local authorities through the sea front maritime councils
Ocean Basins
  • Global
  • Indian Ocean
  • North Atlantic
  • South Atlantic
  • South Pacific
  • Southern Ocean
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Maritime stakeholders and coastal zone communities.
Contact information
SCHULTZ LUDOVIC, Sous-Directeur DEB, ludovic.schultz@developpement-durable.gouv.fr, 00 33 1 40 81 32 14 / 00 33 6 65 24 60 69
Direction de leau et de la biodiversit - Tour Sequoia 92055 La Dfense Cedex FRANCE
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