United Nations
#OceanAction16758
UN-Oceans: Raising awareness of relevant regulatory and policy frameworks and its members activities in support of their implementation, as a foundation for conserving and sustainably using the oceans, seas and their resources
by UN-Oceans (Other relevant actor)
UN-Oceans is an inter-agency mechanism that seeks to enhance the coordination, coherence and effectiveness of competent organizations of the United Nations system and the International Seabed Authority, in conformity with the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the respective competences of each of its participating organizations and the mandates and priorities approved by their respective governing bodies.

UN-Oceans' mandate is as follows:
Strengthen and promote coordination and coherence of United Nations system activities related to ocean and coastal areas;
Regularly share ongoing and planned activities of participating organizations within the framework of relevant United Nations and other mandates with a view to identifying possible areas for collaboration and synergy;
Facilitate, as appropriate, inputs by its participating organizations to the annual reports of the Secretary-General on oceans and the law of the sea and on sustainable fisheries to be submitted to the Secretariat; and
Facilitate inter-agency information exchange, including sharing of experiences, best practices, tools and methodologies and lessons learned in ocean-related matters.

The members of UN-Oceans will provide information on ocean-related international regulatory and policy frameworks to the widest number of stakeholders also to ensure that they are aware of the legal instruments and policy outcomes which are relevant to SDG 14 and other ocean-related goals and targets of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. They will also inform about the available opportunities to increase the capacity to implement relevant instruments and commitments more effectively and fully.

The main objective of this commitment is to enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea as underpinning the implementation of SDG 14, and outlined in target 14.C. This will directly contribute to the realization of each of the targets under SDG 14, across multiple sectors. By providing States and other stakeholders with comprehensive information regarding relevant international regulatory and policy frameworks and on UN-Oceans members activities in support of implementation, we will work to increase their capacity to fully implement SDG 14 and other ocean-related goals and targets of the 2030 Agenda.

UN-Oceans has a vital role to play in enhancing cooperation and coordination among the activities of the UN system in supporting States to build capacity and exchange knowledge regarding the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources. At the same time, each UN-Oceans member has its own respective sectoral processes and fora with relevant stakeholders. We believe that we can more effectively use such processes and fora to benefit one anothers sectors and increase links across the implementation of the various SDG 14 targets and also across multiple SDGs.

Specifically, at major intergovernmental meetings, we commit to come together to provide briefings to inform participants of current ocean-related regulatory and policy frameworks as well as relevant activities. This could, for instance, take the form of workshops or dialogues in the margins of international meetings or conferences of parties or at relevant regional events.
Progress reports
14.1
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
Type of commitment
NUTRIENTS
  • Fertilizer use efficiency
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Manure management
  • Nutrient sinks (e.g. constructed wetlands)
PLASTICS
  • Coastal clean-ups
  • Plastics product bans or restrictions
  • Plastics recovery/recycling/reuse
SHIPPING
  • Reduce invasive aquatic species introduction
  • Management of ship-based pollution and/or port waste management
OTHER POLLUTANTS (please specify)
  • Cleaner production
  • Industrial effluent pre-treatment
  • Integrated pest management
14.2
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Marine Spatial Planning
  • Large Marine Ecosystem approach
  • Ecosystem-based Adaptation
  • Other (please specify): Provision of information on legal and policy frameworks and activities related to target 14.2 at relevant meetings.
14.3
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
Type of commitment
  • Coastal carbon sinks/blue carbon
  • Carbon capture and sequestration
  • CO2 emission reductions (energy efficiency, renewable energy, etc.)
  • Adaptation to more acidic ocean conditions
  • Scientific research and cooperation to address ocean acidification knowledge gaps
  • Other (please specify): Provision of information on legal and policy frameworks and activities related to target 14.3 at relevant meetings.
14.4
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Reduction of fisheries by-catch and product waste/losses
  • Eco-labelling, traceability, certification programmes
  • Market-based instruments (Individually Traded Quotas, Vessel Day Schemes, etc.)
  • Other (please specify): Provision of information on legal and policy frameworks and activities related to target 14.3 at relevant meetings.
14.5
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • No take marine protected area
  • Marine protected area with partial protection
  • Multiple use marine protected area
  • Locally or community managed marine areas
  • MPA management and/or enforcement
  • Other (please specify): Provision of information on legal and policy frameworks and activities related to target 14.3 at relevant meetings.
14.6
By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
Type of commitment
  • Removal or reduction of harmful fisheries subsidies
  • information relating to harmful subsidies
14.7
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Economic benefits from sustainable tourism
  • Economic benefits from sustainable aquaculture/mariculture
  • Economic benefits from marine renewable energy
  • Economic benefits from marine biotechnology
  • Economic benefits from sustainable transport
  • Other : Provision of information on legal and policy frameworks and activities related to target 14.3 at relevant meetings.
14.a
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
  • Scientific, socioeconomic and interdisciplinary research
  • Research capacity development
  • Data access and sharing
  • Training and professional development
  • Scientific cooperation
  • Transfer marine technology
  • Actions that support SIDS and LDCs
  • Other (please specify): Provision of information on legal and policy frameworks and activities related to target 14.3 at relevant meetings.
14.b
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
  • Legal/policy/institutional measures
  • Access to market-based instruments
  • Transfer of fishing technology
  • Access to coastal fishing grounds
  • Access and capacity building for eco-labelling and traceability systems
  • Community empowerment for fisheries management
  • Other (please specify): Provision of information on legal and policy frameworks and activities related to target 14.3 at relevant meetings.
14.c
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
  • Activities to raise awareness of the comprehensive legal and policy framework for the sustainable development of oceans and seas, in particular UNCLOS, its Implementing Agreements and other relevant ocean-related instruments and promote their effective im
  • Ratification, accession and acceptance of UNCLOS, its Implementing Agreements and other relevant ocean-related instruments
  • Activities to develop the capacity of States towards broader participation in and effective implementation of UNCLOS and its implementing Agreements
  • Strengthening ocean governance, for example through the development of a national ocean policy or regional ocean policy
  • Development of necessary infrastructure and/or enforcement capabilities to comply with international law, as reflected in UNCLOS and as complemented by other ocean-related instruments
  • Other (please specify): Provision of information on legal and policy frameworks and activities related to target 14.3 at relevant meetings.
December 2020
By the end of 2020, starting in the second half of 2017, UN-Oceans members, will have prepared and delivered coordinated briefings at major intergovernmental ocean-related meetings, where multiple UN-Oceans members are likely to be in attendance.
In-kind contribution
(Travel and coordinating budget for each UN-Oceans member)
Staff / Technical expertise
(UN-Oceans member agencies)
Basic information
Time-frame: July 2017 - December 2020
Partners
1 Counter-Terrorism Executive Directorate (CTED) 2 Department of Economic and Social Affairs (DESA) 3 Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea, Office of Legal Affairs (DOALOS/OLA) 4 Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP) 5 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 6 Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (IOC/UNESCO) 7 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) 8 International Labour Organization (ILO) 9 International Maritime Organization (IMO) 10 International Seabed Authority (ISA) 11 Office for Disarmament Affairs (ODA) 12 Office of the High Representative for the Least Developed Countries, Landlocked Developing Countries and Small Island Developing States (UN-OHRLLS) 13 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) 14 Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 15 United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) 16 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) 17 United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) 18 United Nations Environment Programme (UN Environment/UNEP) 19 United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) 20 United Nations Institute for Training and Research (UNITAR) 21 United Nations University (UNU) 22 World Bank (WB) 23 World Meteorological Organization (WMO) 24 World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)
Ocean Basins
  • Global
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Government agencies; international organizations; regional fisheries management organizations and arrangements; regional seas organizations; civil society; academic and science community; and industry.
Contact information
Gabriele Goettsche-Wanli, Director, Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea, Office of Legal Affairs, doalos@un.org, 212-963-6820
New York, United States
Other SDGs
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