eReefs catchment and coastal fore casting and satellite based monitoring of the Great Barrier Reef
by Bureau of Meteorology (Government)
The eReefs project is a multi-year, multi-partner project that uses satellite derived water quality observations, as well as numerical model simulations of the catchments that flow into the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) and the fate of pollutants once they reach the GBR lagoon. This submission deals only with the components of the project delivered by the Bureau of Meteorology which consist of three components.
The first is an operational OGC compliant data service and portal to access a range of water quality parameters including chlorophyll-a, sediments, coloured dissolved organic matter, light attenuation and sea surface temperature. Data is published each day from the latest satellite pass and can be accessed through a range of maps, graphs and statistics. The sediment and nutrient values are used in the GBR Report Card to describe the health of the GBR.
The second component is a series of hydrologic and statistical models to forecast both the quantity and quality of the water that runs off the catchments and enters the GBR lagoon. The final component is a hydrodynamic model that covers the entire GBR and stretches from Papua New Guinea along the east coast of Queensland and out into the Coral Sea.
Any one the these components provides useful insights for managing coastal regions, however the outstanding universal values of the Great Barrier Reef support the significant investment in developing and integrating all three systems.
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
An operationally ready catchment water quantity forecasting system that will deliver streamflow forecasts out to three days for 25 catchments which drain to the GBR lagoon.
A research grade, routinely operated, data assimilating hydrodynamic forecasting system, incorporating coastal scale processes such a river inputs and tides. Reanalyses of ten years of ocean conditions at 4km and 500m grid resolutions are available for the research community through Australias National Computational Infrastructure
An operational, publicly accessible data service and portal to deliver satellite derived water quality parameters across the entire GBR region
Financing (in USD)
Financing (in USD)
Staff / Technical expertise
Time-frame: February 2012 - December 2017
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (Government), Australian Institute of Marine Science (Government), Queensland Government (Government), Great Barrier Reef Foundation (Non-governmental Organisation).
Louise Minty, Assistant Director Environmental Information, Environment & Research Division, Bureau of Meteorology, firstname.lastname@example.org, +61 3 9669 4542