United Nations
#OceanAction17122
Review existing policies, legal and institutional framework for sustainable use and development of marine fisheries resources.
by Ministry of Ocean Economy, Marine Resources, Fisheries and Shipping (Fisheries Division) (Government)
Objective:
The Government of Mauritius is committed to protect and conserve fisheries resources and transform Mauritius into a major seafood hub in the region for the supply of value-added processes and services related to the sourcing and marketing of seafood products through an ecosystem approach to fisheries.
Methodology:
(a) carry out research and experimental fishing for untapped resources and use of effective and efficient fishing techniques;
(b) Promoting industrial aquaculture and aquaculture on a small-scale in the lagoon and off-lagoon;
(c) providing a quality and cost-effective service to the fisher's community ;
(d) incentives to alleviate poverty and contribute to food security by providing access to fishers grouped into cooperatives/associations rather than individuals (who may be the poorest) in the semi-industrial fishery on the banks, in the advanced coastal fishery and the fishery around Fish Aggregating Devices for a secure and decent standard of living;
(e) cater for the training needs of the fisher community and empower them to improve fish quality with proper handling, reduce post-harvest losses and respond to marketing and trade opportunities that include women in the community;
(f) Practise a science-based resource management plan for fishing on the banks through the licensing of a controlled number of boats/vessels to fish on the banks using the concept of Maximum sustainable Yield (MSY) and a system of Total allowable catch and quota;
(g) Promote cooperation and collaboration at national, regional and international levels for :-
- capacity building for action oriented research to understand ocean health and impacts relating to ocean acidification and climate change, monitoring of ecosystems, fishing activities;
- Monitoring, Control and Surveillance to combat Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing;
- Long-term protection and conservation of fisheries resources and marine biodiversity;
- The implementation of management plans for Marine Parks; and
- Implementation of all fisheries/international instruments to which the Government of Mauritius is a party and having as goal to prevent, deter and eliminate IUU fishing and the protection and conservation of fisheries resources and marine biodiversity.
(h) The Government, through its investment facilitating agency, the Board of Investment, is promoting the seafood industry to attract investors in tuna transshipment, processing of high-value added seafood products, and marine aquaculture in the lagoon of Mauritius. Mauritius offers both a low tax jurisdiction and competitively priced business costs.
Follow-up mechanism:
Through monitorable milestones and time frame.
Governance mechanism:
Auditing and reports
Progress reports
14.2
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Large Marine Ecosystem approach
  • Ecosystem-based Adaptation
14.3
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
Type of commitment
  • Scientific research and cooperation to address ocean acidification knowledge gaps
14.4
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Reduction of fisheries by-catch and product waste/losses
  • Eco-labelling, traceability, certification programmes
  • Market-based instruments (Individually Traded Quotas, Vessel Day Schemes, etc.)
14.5
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • Marine protected area with partial protection
  • Multiple use marine protected area
  • Locally or community managed marine areas
  • MPA management and/or enforcement
14.7
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Economic benefits from sustainable aquaculture/mariculture
14.a
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
  • Scientific, socioeconomic and interdisciplinary research
  • Research capacity development
  • Data access and sharing
  • Training and professional development
  • Scientific cooperation
  • Transfer marine technology
  • Actions that support SIDS and LDCs
14.b
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
  • Legal/policy/institutional measures
  • Access to market-based instruments
  • Transfer of fishing technology
  • Access to coastal fishing grounds
  • Access and capacity building for eco-labelling and traceability systems
  • Community empowerment for fisheries management
14.c
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
  • Activities to raise awareness of the comprehensive legal and policy framework for the sustainable development of oceans and seas, in particular UNCLOS, its Implementing Agreements and other relevant ocean-related instruments and promote their effective im
  • Ratification, accession and acceptance of UNCLOS, its Implementing Agreements and other relevant ocean-related instruments
  • Activities to develop the capacity of States towards broader participation in and effective implementation of UNCLOS and its implementing Agreements
  • Strengthening ocean governance, for example through the development of a national ocean policy or regional ocean policy
  • Development of necessary infrastructure and/or enforcement capabilities to comply with international law, as reflected in UNCLOS and as complemented by other ocean-related instruments
2018
New Fisheries Bill introduced
2030
Mangroves protected and rehabilitation upon requests by NGOs and the local communities, monitoring of coastal ecosystem and water quality, and farming of corals to restore degraded reef areas
Staff / Technical expertise
The Ministry has: (i) 79 funded posts (general cadre) for all administrative matters, (ii) 375 funded posts for officers in the technical, enforcement and general cadre to assist in fisheries Development , and 12 funded posts for officers in the tech
In-kind contribution
All associated logistics including office blocks, laboratory facilities for marine ecology, chemistry, microbiology, biology, and fish toxicity, two hatcheries, ecological observation room, outdoor culture ponds, sea and fresh water reservoirs to supply t
Other, please specify
Financing - The main thrusts of the forthcoming Programme Based Budget is anchored to Governments Vision 2030 and to the unfolding of the New Era of Development towards an ocean economy. The Fisheries Division worked out its recurrent and capital expendit
Basic information
Time-frame: 2015 September - 2030 December
Partners
Fisheries Division (Lead Government entity) Competent Authority Seafood (Government) Shipping Division (Government) Mauritius Oceanography Institute (Parastatal body) Board of Investment (Statutory body of Government) Federation of fishers/cooperative fishers (civil society) Mauritius Export Association (Private) Fishing industry Processing (Private) Ministry of Tourism (Government) Ministry of Finance and Economic Development (Government) Ministry of Public Utilities (Government) Ministry of Social Security, National Solidarity, and Environment and Sustainable Development (Environment and Sustainable Development Division) (Government Ministry of Housing and Lands (Government) Ministry of Local Government (Government) The State Law Office (Government) Non-Governmental Organisations Beach Authority (Parastatal body)
Ocean Basins
  • Indian Ocean
Beneficiary countries
Mauritius
Other beneficaries
National, regional and international bodies, Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (e.g.. SADC, COMESA, ESA, EAC, NEPAD, EU, UNDP, IOC, IOTC, SWIOFC)
Contact information
Sreenivasan Soondron, Director Fisheries, fishadmin@govmu.org, (230) 211 2470-74
Port Louis Republic of Mauritius
Other SDGs
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