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Mozambican Marine Spatial Planning for coastal and ocean management
by Ministry Of Sea, Inland Waters and Fisheries of the Republic of Mozambique (Government)
Mozambique seascape is characterized by huge diversity of ecosystems like mangrove forests, coral reefs, seagrass, beaches, estuaries and the open sea. The coastline is interrupted in some locations by nine international rivers, and many seasonal and intermittent rivers that drain into the Indian Ocean. Twenty three percent of the marine Mozambican jurisdictional waters was declared Marine Protected Areas which cover four specific geographical areas namely Quirimbas National Park, Primeiras and Segundas Islands in the north, Bazaruto National Park and Ponta dOuro Special and Partial Reserve. All drive the tourism sector.

Since the year 2000 Mozambique is facing oil & gas boom on seismic prospecting and gas exploitation in the offshore areas of Rovuma, Zambezi and Angoche and Inhambane. These are regions where also there is a concentration of biodiversity and hence Marine Parks were declared. In addition to above scenario two thirds of the Mozambican population lives along the coast and depend entirely on marine activities. The benefits from these ecosystem services are threatened and may be undermined by marine debris from different sources, over fishing, sea grass and mangrove destruction, erosion, pollution and climate changes.

In view to overcome these constrains Mozambique Government has initiated a process to regulate the use of seascape which will be seconded by the development of Marine Spatial Planning for the benefit of the environment and coastal communities.

For this purposes it will be important to initiate a coastal and marine integrated management approach bringing together all relevant coastal and marine actors and engage them in a comprehensive development methods that allows mapping the ocean use, coordinate activities among all coastal and marine users and interests and consequently decrease potential seas conflict which is now arising.

It is expected that the management plans and strategies in place are effectively implemented in particular the Marine Protected Areas and consequently the threats of environment will be reduced.
Progress reports
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
Type of commitment
  • Wastewater treatment
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Marine Spatial Planning
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
Type of commitment
  • Adaptation to more acidic ocean conditions
  • Scientific research and cooperation to address ocean acidification knowledge gaps
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Reduction of fisheries by-catch and product waste/losses
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
  • Activities to raise awareness of the comprehensive legal and policy framework for the sustainable development of oceans and seas, in particular UNCLOS, its Implementing Agreements and other relevant ocean-related instruments and promote their effective im
  • Ratification, accession and acceptance of UNCLOS, its Implementing Agreements and other relevant ocean-related instruments
  • Activities to develop the capacity of States towards broader participation in and effective implementation of UNCLOS and its implementing Agreements
  • Strengthening ocean governance, for example through the development of a national ocean policy or regional ocean policy
  • Development of necessary infrastructure and/or enforcement capabilities to comply with international law, as reflected in UNCLOS and as complemented by other ocean-related instruments
Develop an appropriate policy and institutional framework to ensure that maritime affairs are addressed in an integrated, inclusive and coordinated manner, allowing the Government to take appropriate measures to deal with illegal practices at sea;
Restore at least 5.000 ha of mangroves through the implementation of a Strategic and an Action Plan for Mangrove;
Adopt Marine Spatial Planning as an effective tool for the implementation of national Blue Economy agenda to achieve ecological, economic, and social objectives;
10% of coastal communities have built climate resilience and are implementing alternative livelihood and sharing experiences
Staff / Technical expertise
The leading entity will participate with staff time
Basic information
Time-frame: 2018 - 2030
Ministry of Sea Inland Water and Fisheries (Lead entity), Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development (Government), Ministry of Mineral Resources and Energy (Government), Ministry of Transport and Communication (Government), Municipalities (Government), University Eduardo Mondlane (Academic Institution), Civil Society Organization Forum (Civil Society Organization).
Ocean Basins
  • Indian Ocean
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
The Mozambican population in particular those economical and socially dependent on the oceans and coastal activities
Contact information
FELISMINA ANTIA, National Director of Maritime and Fisheries Policies., afelismina@mozpesca.gov.mz; afelismina@yahoo.com, +258 21 35 71 00
Maputo, Mozambique
Other SDGs
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