United Nations
Community Based Coral Reef Restoration in Pemuteran, Buleleng, Bali
by Yayasan Karang Lestari Teluk Pemuteran (Pemuteran Bay Coral Protection Foundation) (Civil society organization)
Pemuteran was once a dry land, poor, and rely on traditional fishing for livelihood as typical Village in North Bali. The Global Warming in 1998 put coral reefs in stressed and bleaching that lead to less fish for the fishermen. In the same year, monetary crisis hit Indonesia and make it even harder for anyone in the country including fishermen, just to survive and make ends meet. A shortcut chosen to get more fish in shorter time. That short cut, not only kills fishes but also kills corals, by using cyanide and dynamite.

Soon almost no fish and corals left for anyone. Pemuteran Bay Coral Protection Foundation started an effort in 2000 by combining technology of Biorock and local community participation. Biorock technology able to speeding up the restoration effort that could take hundred years in the nature. Community Involvement does the wonder of Information transfers in understanding the issue and the willingness to participate and contribute whatever they can and have to restore and protect the coral reef for their own village. This is something that no outsiders can accomplished by only telling the local community that they did wrong and use certain way instead.

The successful approach on coral reef restoration has been attracting people to visit the village to learn from the community how to restore the coral reef, or simply just enjoy the environment.

Just in 10 years the dry and poor village has transformed to a lush green environment,with tourism business atmosphere feel in the whole village. Most of the villagers either own or work in tourism business, and some still working as fishermen to keep the tradition alive.

- Maintain and Repair Coral Reef Restoration in Pemuteran Bay
- Provide training to other dive operators or beach front resorts/hotels how to restore
- Coordinate with village leaders and community in adding more areas of marine restoration zone
- Create a sustainable solution between tourism development and fishermen livelihood
- Develop voluntourism as new approach how guests can involve further in coral reef restoration effort and contribute to local community
- Develop Biorock Learning Centre so interested parties across and outside Indonesia could visit to Pemuteran and learn on best practices of community based coral reef restoration
- Hold Annual Event of Pemuteran Bay Festival where all stakeholders of coral reef restoration could gather, have productive networking and celebrate The cultural and marine restoration
- Develop strategy with Village leaders, government officials, and environment experts to address Flood problems during rainy season which affecting coral reef restoration efforts
- Conduct Research Collaboration with Fisheries Department of Gadjah Mada University in finding benefits for human health of space competitive sponge and algae in Biorock Structures
Progress reports
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Other (please specify): Coral Reef Restoration
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • Locally or community managed marine areas
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Economic benefits from sustainable tourism
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
  • Other (please specify): Scientific, socioeconomic and interdisciplinary research, Research capacity development, Data access and sharing, Training and professional development, Scientific cooperation, Transfer marine technology
December 2019
Integrated community and stakeholder participation in coral reef restoration
December 2019
Sustainable economic increment on tourism and fishery
December 2020
Maintain and Repair Current 115 Structures
December 2020
Integrated campaign, awareness, education, and research based on coral reef restoration
In-kind contribution
Corals Species Donation
Staff / Technical expertise
Experts of Community Participation, Coral Reef Restoration, and Marine Biology from Biorock Indonesia
Other, please specify
Research Opportunity from Leading University Partner
Basic information
Time-frame: June 2017 - December 2020
Yayasan Karang Lestari, Pemuteran Village, Biorock Indonesia, UNDP Equator Initiative
Ocean Basins
  • South Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Tasya Karissa Prawita , Mrs, karanglestaribali@gmail.com, +62 857 1829 5698
Bali, Indonesia
Other SDGs
United Nations