Enhancement of marine scientific knowledge is essential for addressing the challenges of SDG14 such as ocean acidification, marine pollution and conservation of the sea and marine resources including biodiversity. JAMSTEC has been obtaining marine physical, chemical and biological information by using research vessels, deep-sea survey systems, mooring and floats, etc. The information gathered is useful for achieving SDG14, and has been widely shared through the Internet and by other ways. For example, JAMSTEC operates BISMaL (Biological Information System for Marine Life) which collects and shares photos and movies of marine lives as well as biodiversity information including distribution. BISMaL works as an information platform for Japanese node of OBIS (Ocean Biogeographic Information System), which is operated by UNESCO/IOC. Ministry of the Environment of Japan identified EBSAs (Ecologically or Biologically Significant Areas) within Japanese Exclusive Economic Zone, using these data from BISMaL. EBSA constitutes scientific information which is essential for achieving SDG14.5 (marine conservation).
JAMSTEC has also made efforts to develop a deep sea debris database, which is built upon the picture data obtained through marine scientific research done by JAMSTEC. This database, which is open to public from April 2017, is expected to help research on the ecological and biological impact of marine debris and to speed-up the activities on SDG14.1 as well as to facilitate a deep understanding on the marine debris issue.
Deep-sea Debris Database : http://www.godac.jamstec.go.jp/catalog/dsdebris/e/index.html
BISMaL : http://www.godac.jamstec.go.jp/bismal/e/
Tohoku Ecosystem-Associated Marine Sciences Project : http://www.i-teams.jp/catalog/viaphol/metadataList
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
- Scientific, socioeconomic and interdisciplinary research
- Data access and sharing
- Scientific cooperation