The CBDs Aichi Target 11 calls for 10% of coastal and marine areas to be conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well-connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures. The establishment and effective management of marine protected areas that are multi-scale, globally, ecologically and geographically representative and ecologically networked is integral to achieving the SDGs. This was reinforced by SDG Target 14.5, and would also support Targets 14.2, 14.4, 14.7, 14.b and 14.c and would bolster a number of other SDG targets (e.g. 1: No Poverty; 2: Zero Hunger; 13: Climate Action).
The protection of critical habitats, such as coral reefs and mangroves, supports marine biodiversity and improves resilience toward anthropogenic pressures and natural disasters. The social, cultural, environmental and economic benefits deriving from the protection of biodiversity, including through MPAs, as effective area-based management tools, are among the basic building blocks on which to advance sustainable development, including increased food security, livelihood options, and greater resilience in the face of climate change.
Despite some progress toward the Aichi Target 11 and SDG14, there are still major gaps in area coverage, ecological representativeness, connectivity, management effectiveness and financing, as reported at the 4th edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook (2014) and more recent assessments. Achievement of this target should also be considered a milestone towards even more ambitious action in line with scientific recommendations to strongly protect at least 30% of the ocean by 2030 subject to the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities.
The above signed partners of the MPA Action Group are well positioned and ready to collectively assist countries in achieving their global and national commitments to create MPAs. With the robust expertise on coastal and marine protected areas, including through participatory approaches, that this group holds, its partners will work in at least 50 MPAs and LMMAs over the next 12 years (by 2030) to measurably enhance management capacity, effectiveness and sustainability. We are also working to support the establishment of MPAs in areas beyond national jurisdictions the including through supporting the development of a strong legally-binding marine biodiversity treaty under the UNCLOS.
Where individual partners of the MPA Action Group are making their own programmatic and funding commitments in support of identification of important areas for protection, such as, for example, Key Biodiversity Areas, establishment and management of MPAs, the members commit to communicate and to the extent possible, coordinate on such commitments to ensure maximum efficiency and effectiveness, and to strive for greatest positive impact.
We will assist countries in delivering SDG14 related targets by:
● Supporting creation of new MPAs and improving the effectiveness of existing MPAs;
● Providing technical capacity to accelerate effective maintenance of MPAs and LMMAs;
● Documenting and communicating the contribution of these MPAs and LMMAs toward the achievement of sustainable development;
● Building management capacity of local communities and identify resource opportunities to support this;
● Fostering shared learning between MPA and LMMA managers through exchanges;
● Producing online training modules for MPA Management based on best practices;
● Communicating to the wider global community on the importance of all MPAs/LMMAs to coastal communities through an online platform Ocean Witness.
Secure financial support , coupled with technical capacity , to 5 projects that will accelerate effective maintenance of MPAs in Calendar Year 2017.
Document and communicate the contribution of these MPAs and LMMAs towards the achievement of sustainable development with at least two summary presentations at successive international fora by 2022.
Make technical capacity available in country to accelerate effective maintenance of at least 50 MPAs and LMMAs by 2030.
Foster shared learning between MPA and LMMA managers through exchanges on online platforms and communicate, and to the extent practicable, coordinate on individual programs and funding relating to MPA establishment, expansion, management and enforcement.