Establishment of an acoustic and fishery information system to improve knowledge of marine ecosystems and its resources through the use of data from fishing vessels, incorporating actors from other countries.
In view of the remarkable variability of the environmental conditions of the sea in recent times, it is necessary to intensify the system of observations and scientific monitoring of these changes and their effects on the abundance and distribution of resources, as well as the best Knowledge of our ecosystem, that allows to provide an adequate advice to the industry and to cooperate with Sea Research Institute-IMARPE, with the provision of information and data, to make the best management decisions.
In the international context of scientific fisheries research, in order to make better use of resources, important attention is being given to the fishing and acoustic information generated by the activity in its routine operations fishing. The information registered by commercial vessels is equivalent to many research cruises. There is a tremendous potential for valuable data in fisheries that are not properly used. FAO and ICES recommend enriching fisheries management through a cooperative approach between managers, scientists and fishing companies.
The data that are obtained from fishing vessels have a large spectrum of uses, among them: Time-spatial location of fishery resources; Time-spatial distribution of preys (krill, zooplankton, mesopelagic fish, micro nekton). Continuous measurement of functioning of ecosystem indexes: thermocline, oxycline, Minimum Zone of Oxygen (MZO) internal waves, fish and prey abundance etc. Detection of top predators and visual identification in the acoustic systems. Multifrequency species identification on certain vessels equipped with more advanced systems. The amount of oceanographic data collected by fishing vessels in routinely operation could improve the monitoring of climate change.
The objective of this activity, which is presented as a voluntary commitment, is to consolidate the acoustic and fishery information system to improve knowledge of the marine ecosystem and resources through the use of commercial fishing vessels and to organize a large database for the use of Scientific research institutions, academia, NGOs and expand towards regional and international cooperation with similar private organizations.
SNP sponsors the Humboldt Institute for Marine and Aquaculture Research (IHMA), which seeks to catalyze cooperation between the private fishing sector, the academic sector and NGOs. In its international projection of this initiative the SNP has established in this first stage an agreement of understanding with the National Fisheries Society of Chile and the National Chamber of Fisheries of Ecuador.
A regional alliance between the fishing associations of the South East Pacific, will allow a better observation of the conditions of the Humboldt Current Large Marine Ecosystem (In this first phase), using the data of the fishing vessels.
The amount of oceanographic data collected by fishing vessels in its routinely fishing operation, and the continuous measurement of functioning of ecosystem indexes could improve the monitoring of climate change and its impacts in the marine ecosystems.
Operation of the acoustic and fishing information system. Data flow from ships to processing offices (SNP-IHMA). Digital and electronic storage of acoustic and fishing big data
. Participation on scientific explorations and cruises of joint assessments - Fishing vessels of private companies and scientific vessels of IMARPE. Data collection and reports of results,
Protocol for calibration and inter calibration of vessels echo sounder to obtain reliable data
Consolidation of regional and international cooperation with similar private organizations