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Coastal and Marine Ecosystems Management Program
by Department of Environment and Natural Resources (Government)
The Coastal and Marine Ecosystems Management Program (CMEMP) is a national program which aims to comprehensively manage, address and effectively reduce the drivers and threats of degradation of the coastal and marine ecosystems in order to achieve and promote sustainability of ecosystem services, food security and climate change resiliency for the benefit of the present and future generations of the Filipino people. Under this program, protection and management shall be anchored on the following approaches:

(a) Integrated coastal management;
(b) Partnership building;
(c) Protection, Management and Law Enforcement
(d) Ecotourism/ sustainable tourism;
(e) Communication, Education and Public Awareness;
(f) Valuation of Ecosystem Services

The general objective of CMEMP is to achieve the effective management for the country's coastal and marine ecosystems thereby increasing their ability to provide ecological goods and services to improve the quality of life of the coastal population particularly ensuring food security, climate change resiliency and disaster risk reduction. Specifically, the program aims to: (1) Establish a well-connected network of MPAs to ensure the effective and sustainable management of coastal resources; (2) Implement sustainable management of coastal and marine resources to contribute to food security and improve human-well-being of the coastal communities; (3) Effectively reduce threats and factors of degradation on coastal and marine ecosystems; (4) Enhance the formation of positive values among all stakeholders including the youth through shared responsibilities in sustainable management of coastal and marine resources and habitats, and; (5) Develop and or enhance the skills and expertise of DENR concerned staff as well as other stakeholders on coastal and marine management.

The Program Management and Supervision shall be lead by the national government agency- Department of Environment and Natural Resources. The implementation shall be lead by the DENR Regional Offices with the technical assistance and guidance from the Biodiversity Management Bureau (BMB). The program shall engage in collaborative partnerships with other National Government Agencies, LGUs, Academe, Civil Society Organizations, and or/ other stakeholders in the implementation of the Program.

The program shall consist of the following components:
(1) MPA Network Establishment and Strengthening
(2) Biodiversity Friendly Social Enterprise Development
(3) Capacity Building
(4) Technical Assistance
(5) Knowledge Management
(6) Social Marketing and Mobilization
(7) Monitoring and Evaluation

The funding and budgetary requirements shall be allocated by the government as provided/indicated by the DENR Administrative Order 2016-26.
Progress reports
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
Type of commitment
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Coastal clean-ups
  • Plastics product bans or restrictions
  • Plastics recovery/recycling/reuse
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Marine Spatial Planning
  • Large Marine Ecosystem approach
  • Ecosystem-based Adaptation
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
Type of commitment
  • Scientific research and cooperation to address ocean acidification knowledge gaps
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Reduction of fisheries by-catch and product waste/losses
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
December 2020
Significantly improved conditions of coastal habitats particularly inside declared MPAs using science-based approaches
December 2020
Significantly reduced marine pollution in coastal areas
December 2020
MPA Networks are established in key marine biodiversity areas (2 million hectares)
December 2020
Declare portion of Philippine Rise as MPA (17K hectares in Benham Bank and 2M of 25M hectares of the entire Philippine Rise)
Financing (in USD)
80,000,000 USD
Basic information
Time-frame: May 2017 - December 2028
Department of Agriculture- Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (Government); University of the Philippines Marine science Institute (Academic Institution); Conservation International Phiilippines, RARE, Haribon, Oceana-Philippines, WWF-Philippines (Non-Government Agencies)
Ocean Basins
  • North Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Ricardo L. Calderon, Director, Biodiversity Management Bureau, director@bmb.gov.ph , +639246031
Quezon City, Metro Manila
Other SDGs
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