United Nations
Consistent efforts towards moving the fisheries in Indian Ocean sustainable
by Ministry of Fisheries and Agriculture of the Maldives (Government)
Maldives officially became a contracting party of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission on 13 July 2011, even though Maldives have been previously unofficially participating in the processes of the RFMO by providing data and other necessary information for the management of tuna resources in the Indian Ocean.

Since Maldives became a full member of IOTC, it has been at the forefront sustainability agenda in IOTC. So far, Maldives have submitted resolutions on the inclusion of precautionary approach, interim and target reference points for the management of stocks and harvest control rules for skipjack tuna; and led with Kenya on the proposal for the interim plan for the reduction measures for yellowfin tuna.

Unlike the other tuna RFMOs, the artisanal fleet catch in the region is higher than the industrial fleet and the catches taken in the EEZ of the coastal states are almost equal to the catches taken in the high seas. Thus, Maldives plays a vital role in voicing the concerns of the coastal states in the Indian Ocean in terms of sustainability of the stocks, especially with regard to protection of the livelihood of the coastal communities. A coastal states group (like minded G-16 group) has emerged from the negotiations of allocations to cooperate and collaborate among the coastal states to agree on common positions.

However, there are vast differences in capacities and in approaches among the coastal countries. Maldives so far has received visit by technical teams of Kenya, Tanzania and South Africa to identify linkages and replicate the ideas on sustainable fisheries development in those countries.

In addition, Maldives, under the SWIOFish1 project also hosted a capacity building workshop on how to write proposals and resolutions for the Commission. This work will be carried on every year.
Progress reports
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Other (please specify): Areas managed for fisheries
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
April 2017
Support field
Every year
Capacity building workshops
October 2017
Meetings to develop common ground for allocation discussions
In-kind contribution
In-kind contribution
Staff / Technical expertise
Basic information
Time-frame: October 2016 - March 2018
Ministry of Fisheries and Agriculture (Government)
Ocean Basins
  • Indian Ocean
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Hussain Sinan , Permanent Secretary , ps@fishagri.gov.mv , +9603322625
Male, Maldives
Other SDGs
United Nations