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Thailands Actions on Combating IUU Fishing
by Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (Government)
In response to global concerns on global-wide IUU fishing which undermines the conservation and management measures adopted by fisheries organizations, the Department of Fisheries, Thailand has established, under the provisions of new Fisheries law, measures of Monitoring, Control and Surveillance (MCS) applied to the Thai-flagged oversea fishing vessels. This aims to prevent, deter and eliminate IUU fishing of Thai-flagged fishing vessels operating outside Thai waters, both in waters of coastal states and high sea.

Thailands MCS system is moving towards the approach with rules based, behavior based and risk based principles. Various tools and systems are developed and improved for effective control and inspection. The Fisheries Monitoring Control (FMC), including Vessel Monitoring System (VMS) is the key tool for monitoring of these vessels fishing operation at sea. According to the new fisheries law, fishing vessels greater than 30 Gross tonnage have been installed with VMS equipment. Port in and port out control scheme has been implemented by 31 Port in, Port out (PIPO) Centers along the coastlines. All fishing vessels must be inspected the vessels physical conditions, fishing gears, and other required documents (e.g., vessel registration, fishing license, fishing log-book, etc.) before permission for porting out and porting in. With the inspection and control, Fishing Information System, an integrated database system of fishing vessels, gears, and crew, has been in place and upgraded. We have strengthened inspections of fishery products during landing at port and offloading. Another crucial tool for the success of MCS activities is the availability of observer on board. As specified by fisheries law, observers on board are required for fishing vessels and carriers operating outside Thai waters. For ensuring the traceability of catch, we are upgrading the catch certification scheme and strengthening the traceability document requirements. Thailand strengthens cooperation with coastal states, port states as well as international and regional organizations and RFMOs on combating IUU fishing.

All involved state agencies have coordinated the efforts in fighting against IUU fishing of Thai-flagged fishing vessels. Completely 100% of Thai-Flagged fishing vessels operating inside and outside Thai waters are rigorously controlled, monitored and inspected, and additionally law enforcement are toughen and beefed up. The expected goal is no more IUU fishing in Thai fishing fleet.
Progress reports
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Reduction of fisheries by-catch and product waste/losses
  • Eco-labelling, traceability, certification programmes
  • Market-based instruments (Individually Traded Quotas, Vessel Day Schemes, etc.)
By 2019
No IUU fishing by Thai-flagged fishing vessels are reported
Financing (in USD)
25,000,000 USD
In-kind contribution
In-kind contribution from various relevant governmental agencies.
Staff / Technical expertise
With technical support under cooperation with the EU.
Basic information
Time-frame: 2017, January - 2019, December
Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperatives (Government) Marine Department, Ministry of Transport (Government) Command Center for Combating IUU Fishing (Government) Royal Thai Police (Government) Attorney General Office (Government) Ministry of Labor (Government) Ministry of Social Development and Human Security (Government)
Ocean Basins
  • Indian Ocean
  • North Pacific
  • South Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Regional Fisheries Management Organizations (RFMOs)
Contact information
Chuanpid Chantarawarathit, Expert on International Fisheries Affairs, chuanpidc@gmail.com, +66 2562 0530
Department of Fisheries, Bangkkok, Thailand
Other SDGs
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