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Establishment of 4.3 million ha marine conservation areas to reach 20 million ha by 2019
by Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia (Government)
Under Indonesian regulation, marine conservation areas (MCA) are part of national and provincial governments authority. Provincial governments are allowed to establish MCAs within their jurisdiction (0-12 nautical miles). However, all MCAs have to be legally designated or gazette by the national government. The objectives of MCA are to conserve fisheries resources, essential marine habitats, cultural interest, indigenous wisdom/practice, and disaster mitigation. During the previous Midterm Development Plan (2009 – 2014) Indonesia had established 15.7 million ha and used as baseline. The policy and commitment on marine conservation are continued within current Midterm National Development Plan 2015-2019. Under this plan 4.7 million ha new marine conservation area is going to be established by 2019. Priority sites for new MCAs will be location with critical habitats for fisheries, community, and biodiversity. In this regards, Indonesia also sees MCAs as part of tools to address marine biodiversity conservation, food security, coastal community poverty reduction, and climate change adaptation.

To provide strong support and commitment, proposed marine conservation sites would be accommodated within national and provincial marine spatial plans. All provincial marine spatial plans (34 provinces) are targeted to be legalized by 2019. Establishing marine conservation areas alone is not sufficient if they are not beneficial to communities. Therefore, Indonesia also commits to improving marine conservation management including sustainable utilization, development of MPAs network, and granting access to indigenous and local community.

Achieving effective management of that 20 million ha of MCAs requires supports and collaboration from other parties. National regulations on MCAs network, partnership and sustainable investment on MCAs have been established. Close cooperation with international, national, and local NGOs has been undertaken in the establishment, management, and monitoring of MCAs performance. Several bilateral projects are also initiated to improve the management of marine and fisheries habitats.
Progress reports
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
4.3 million ha of marine conservation established by December 2019
Other, please specify
Financing data collection, public consultation, meetings, and legalization of the marine conservation areas. Facilities, coordination, communication, and office supplies 50 full time staffs
Other, please specify
Other source of funding according to the relevant rule of law.
Basic information
Time-frame: January 2015 - December 2019
Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries (Government) Ministry of Environment and Forestry (Government) Ministry of National Development Planning (Government) Indonesian Institute of Sciences (Government) USAID SEA Project (International Organisation) Indonesia Sea Partnership (Scientific Community) Conservation International (NGO) The Nature Conservation (NGO) WWF Indonesia (NGO) World Conservation Society (NGO) WWF Indonesia (NGO) World Conservation Society (NGO) Coral Triangle Centre (NGO)
Ocean Basins
  • Indian Ocean
  • North Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Papua New Guinea
Other beneficaries
Indonesian indigenous community Private sectors in marine tourism industry
Contact information
Andi Rusandi, Director of Conservation and Marine Bio Diversity, multilateralmmaf@gmail.com,
Other SDGs
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