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#OceanAction18598
Reduction of Land-based pollution loads to the Mediterranean Sea, from Industrial and municipal sources
by Ministry of Environmental Protection - Israel (Government)
A large percentage of Israel's population as well as major industrial infrastructure sites are situated along the Mediterranean coast. As a result, substantial emissions found their way directly or indirectly to the Sea. Domestic legislation allows the issuance of permits for the marine disposal of wastewater containing pollutants, providing a strict set of measures to reduce pollution as much as possible and whereas no suitable land based alternative exists.. Permits are issued by an interministerial committee comprising 8 representatives, including a representative of non-governmental organisations.
In accordance with the Israeli National Action Plan to reduce Pollution from Land Based Activities we intend to further reduce permitted disposal of pollution loads from all wastewater from industrial and municipal installations which are sources of BOD, nutrients, heavy metals, oils and suspended solids, which are discharging directly into the marine environment. Thus by the end of 2017, we intend to further reduce disposal of pollution loads by 80% from our 2012 baseline budget of pollutants.
In addition, by 2022, relative to our 2012 baseline, Israel will be reducing indirect atmospheric emissions to the marine environment of NOx and SOx by 90% due to the planned installation of scrubbers in 6 coal powered units of the main coastal power stations as well as the closure of 4 coal power units.
The reduction from direct effluents to the sea will be effected by limiting permits granted for the discharge of wastewater to the marine environment, by introducing best technological treatment facilities and by providing land based alternatives which are preferable on environmental, economic and feasibility grounds The reduction expected from non-direct atmospheric emissions is forecasted mainly due to the planned closure of 4 of the coal powered units; the installation of emission reduction technologies (SCR and FGD technologies for the reduction of Sulphor and Nitrogen oxides) in the 6 remaining coal powered units and the environmentally sound use of mix of fuels (coal and gas) in the operation of power stations.
The success of this reduction program will require measurement and verification carried out through an annual analysis of the data received by the industry and municipalities and also by examining data available from Israel's Pollutant Release and Transfer Registry (PRTR) and other available sources of data for cross referencing
Progress reports
14.1
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
Type of commitment
NUTRIENTS
  • Other (please specify): in direct atmospheric emission to sea
  • Wastewater treatment:
OTHER POLLUTANTS (please specify)
  • Cleaner production
  • Industrial effluent pre-treatment
14.3
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
Type of commitment
  • CO2 emission reductions (energy efficiency, renewable energy, etc.)
December 2017
80% reduction of direct discharges to the marine environment
December 2022
90% reduction of SOx and NOx indirect emissions to the marine environment
Financing (in USD)
240,000 USD
Staff / Technical expertise
Regulation and inspection through air emission permits of coal power plants under the Clean Air Act involving the conversion of coal fired power plants to natural gas and installation of Sulfur and Nitrogen compounds reduction technologies, at an estimate
Other, please specify
Sewage sludge treatment facility to recover the municipal sludge into an agricultural resource. An investment by the Dan Region Association of Towns (Shafdan) in an anaerobic sludge treatment reactors and additional facilities of around 290 million USD
Staff / Technical expertise
Staff /technical expertise to licence, supervise and ensure compliance , by sampling analysis and supervision of Israel's main permitted dischargers to the marine environment
Basic information
Time-frame: December 2012 - December 2022
Partners
Ministry of Environmental Protection (-Government); Inter-ministerial Committee for Marine Discharge Permits (government and non governmental); Dan Region Sewage Treatment Plant Wastewater Treatment Plant (municipal); Israel Electric Company
Ocean Basins
  • Global
Beneficiary countries
Israel
Other beneficaries
Under the provisions of the Barcelona Convention and specifically the LBA Protocol of 2008 and Israel's National Action Plan for the reduction of marine pollution from land-based sources, Israel has undertaken to reduce discharges to the marine environmen
Contact information
Ran Amir, Director, Marine Environment Protection Division, rani@sviva.gov.il, 97248633500
Haifa, Israel
Other SDGs
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