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Management plans for commercially and ecologically important coastal snapper and grouper fisheries in West Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia
by Wildlife Conservation Society (Non-governmental organization (NGO))
Snappers and groupers are top predators on Indonesia's rich coral reefs and, therefore, ecologically vital for the functioning of healthy ecosystems. They are also a high-value fishery and targeted by small-scale fishermen. Around West Nusa Tenggara, they represent some of the best income-generation opportunities for local fishers. Most populations are extremely overfished and lack any form of management. WCS is working with local communities, the local government and the private sector to document the fishery and develop management plans to ensure that populations stabilize on the reefs and that local fishers can continue to gain income from these species.

WCS collected fishery data with local enumerators and uses the data to develop management plan guidelines for local communities and local government. Local community fishers are supported in establishing local cooperatives, training on post-harvest fish handling, and MPA management. Local fisheries officials were trained in harvest control measures and assisted with data collection and analysis.

WCS also engaged with the private sector to increase the value of the fishery to bring supply chain benefits back to local fishers. Options for certification or access to markets that value sustainable management were explored.
Progress reports
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Other :
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
  • Access to coastal fishing grounds
  • Access and capacity building for eco-labelling and traceability systems
  • Community empowerment for fisheries management
December 2019
Grouper and snapper fisheries management plans for 2-3 fisheries by 2019
Staff / Technical expertise
WCS maintains fisheries staff in the province of West Nusa Tenggara as well as 4-5 fisheries enumerators who collect data on daily basis. Technical fisheries experts develop, maintain and analyse databases to inform management decisions.
Basic information
Time-frame: January 2012 - December 2025
Local governments (provincial and district) Walton Family Foundation (Philanthropic organization) MacArthur Foundation, (Philanthropic organization)
Ocean Basins
  • Indian Ocean
  • South Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
West Nusa Tenggara province, local community fishers
Contact information
Kate Holmes, Senior Marine Technical Advisor, kholmes@wcs.org,
Other SDGs
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