United Nations
Development and implementation of additional marine actions under the National Strategy for the Conservation of Threatened Species
by Brazilian Government (Government)
Brazil has 159 threatened species in marine landscapes: 98 fish species (19 are endemic), 20 birds, 8 mammals, 5 reptiles and 29 invertebrates (13 are endemic). The National Strategy will identify and propose improvements to the conservation instruments needed to avoid, mitigate and reduce the present and potential threats to these species, such as conservation action plans, guidelines for environmental licensing and monitoring programs. The objective is that by 2020 100% of the threatened species are under protection by at least one conservation instrument.

Concerned with the need for a comprehensive approach for cetacean conservation in the South Atlantic Ocean, Brazil is proposing additional strategies that include the coordination of regional efforts to ensure the recovery of cetacean resources and their non-extractive and non-lethal use, including through a South Atlantic Whale Sanctuary under the International Whale Commission and actions in other related fora. The South Atlantic has 51 species of cetaceans - six of these (blue, fin, sei, Antarctic minke, humpback and southern right whales) are highly migratory baleen whales that feed in the Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic oceans during summer and breed in tropical, subtropical and temperate waters in winter and spring in the South Atlantic Ocean. In line with the expanding scope of whale conservation and management, issues beyond the decisions on lethal takes may include present and potential threats to whale stocks and their habitats within the region, such as interactions with fisheries, entanglement, collisions with ships, contaminants, ingestion of debris, acoustic and noise pollution, hydrocarbon exploration, climate change, die offs, and others.
Progress reports
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
December 2020
100% of threatened marine species protected with an effective conservation measure
Other, please specify
Budgetary resources; resources from the Brazilian Blue Fund; GEF Prospecies Project
Staff / Technical expertise
Government experts
Basic information
Time-frame: 2017 - 2020
Brazilian Ministries of Defense; Science, Technology, Innovations and Communications; Industry, Trade and Services; Agriculture and other members of the Inter-ministerial Commission for Sea Resources - CIRM; Brazilian Navy (Government); World Bank (International Financial Institution), United Nations Development Programme (United Nations Entity), BirdLife International, SAVE Brazil, Conservation International, WWF, SOS Atlantic Forest, CONFREM - (National Commission of Peoples in Coastal-Marine Extractive Reserves and partner artisanal fishermen and grassroots associations, Brazilian Fund for Biodiversity FUNBIO (Non-governmental Organizations)
Ocean Basins
  • South Atlantic
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Ugo Vercillo, Director, Department for Species Conservation and Management, Ministry of the Environment, asin@mma.gov.br,
Braslia, DF, Brazil
Other SDGs
United Nations