The objective is to define a coastal-marine strategy and programme and establish a Brazilian Blue Fund dedicated to support the implementation of biodiversity conservation measures in Brazilian coastal and marine jurisdictional areas, contributing for, among others, the restoration of overfished and threatened species, the promotion of sustainable practices by artisanal fishermen and other local and traditional communities, the integration of climate change adaptation measures and the restoration of depleted fisheries stocks.
Brazil is already taking steps towards a stronger and more comprehensive coastal-marine strategy through the Brazilian Mangrove, Marine and Coastal Protected Areas, Terramar and Pro-Species projects, among others, which are delivering studies and proposals for new protected areas, better integration with and promotion of sustainable use by artisanal fishermen and other local and traditional communities, integration into climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies and biodiversity monitoring. The Brazilian Mangrove Project will deliver also a national Mangrove Atlas and a National Mangrove Conservation and Sustainable Use Programme. The Marine and Coastal Protected Areas Project is promoting biodiversity studies and monitoring to support the increase of the total areas under protection. A new project, the Terramar, is also developing methodologies and policy proposals to improve the management of seascapes.
The Brazilian Government, through the Ministry of the Environment and the Chico Mendes Institute (the Brazilian federal protected areas and threatened species agency), with a view to achieving nationally and internationally agreed goals and targets, will upscale and improve its coastal-marine strategies by establishing an umbrella national coastal-marine programme and setting up the Brazilian Blue Fund to support the programme's implementation.
These measures are intended to contribute to the achievement of the 10% coastal and marine jurisdictional areas with some area-based conservation measure and the consolidation of existing and the establishment of new protected areas. Key elements of the enhanced strategy will focus on the integration of coastal land- and seascapes, the promotion of sustainable tourism, including through community-based approaches, the integration of protected areas and sustainable use of biodiversity by local and traditional communities, and the promotion of volunteering, inter alia.
The programme and funding mechanisms, when fully established, will innovate in terms of supporting partnerships for the management of existing protected and conserved areas and other conservation measures. This deliverable will also support other Brazilian commitments.
Complementary fundraising initiatives both national and international from government and non-government sources are also required. These resources should be additional to existing and projected government budget allocations and other income sources, including the Brazilian environmental compensation mechanism. These estimates are the result of studies and evaluation of execution capacity. The programme and funding mechanisms will innovate in terms of partnerships for management and execution of project activities.
Consolidation of funding for phase I
Phase I: 5% of coastal and marine jurisdictional areas under some area-based conservation measures supported by the fund and definition of complementary funding mechanisms
Phase II: 10% of coastal and marine jurisdictional areas under some area-based conservation measures supported by the fund and consolidation all selected existing MPAs
Phase III: consolidation of all existing coastal-marine protected and conservation areas