United Nations
Securing social-, economic- and environmental sustainability in the Swedish Maritime Strategy
by Government of Sweden (Government)
The Swedish Maritime Strategy was established in 2015, signed by 4 ministers covering environment, fisheries, rural affairs, enterprise, innovation and infrastructure. The strategy is a policy document with the aim and vision to promote a: Competitive, innovative and sustainable maritime sector that can contribute to increased employment, reduced environmental impact and an attractive living environment. The goal was to create an integrated and sustainable management of marine resources and maritime activities.

In order fulfil the commitment and to secure the three legs of sustainability - social, economic and environmental - no later than 2030, several projects and activities have been launched during 2016 or 2017or are planned according to a list of actions.
Progress reports
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
Type of commitment
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Plastics recovery/recycling/reuse
  • Reduce invasive aquatic species introduction
  • Management of ship-based pollution and/or port waste management
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Marine Spatial Planning
  • Large Marine Ecosystem approach
  • Ecosystem-based Adaptation
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
Type of commitment
  • CO2 emission reductions (energy efficiency, renewable energy, etc.)
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Reduction of fisheries by-catch and product waste/losses
  • Eco-labelling, traceability, certification programmes
  • Market-based instruments (Individually Traded Quotas, Vessel Day Schemes, etc.)
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • No take marine protected area
  • Marine protected area with partial protection
  • Multiple use marine protected area
  • Locally or community managed marine areas
  • MPA management and/or enforcement
By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
Type of commitment
  • Removal or reduction of harmful fisheries subsidies
  • information relating to harmful subsidies
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Economic benefits from sustainable tourism
  • Economic benefits from sustainable aquaculture/mariculture
  • Economic benefits from marine renewable energy
  • Economic benefits from marine biotechnology
  • Economic benefits from sustainable transport
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
  • Scientific, socioeconomic and interdisciplinary research
  • Research capacity development
  • Data access and sharing
  • Training and professional development
  • Scientific cooperation
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
  • Activities to raise awareness of the comprehensive legal and policy framework for the sustainable development of oceans and seas, in particular UNCLOS, its Implementing Agreements and other relevant ocean-related instruments and promote their effective im
  • Ratification, accession and acceptance of UNCLOS, its Implementing Agreements and other relevant ocean-related instruments
  • Strengthening ocean governance, for example through the development of a national ocean policy or regional ocean policy
  • Development of necessary infrastructure and/or enforcement capabilities to comply with international law, as reflected in UNCLOS and as complemented by other ocean-related instruments
Create an eco-system based maritime spatial plan covering national waters and EEZ. The last draft plan will be presented in February 2018 and a final plan in 2019
Create integrated indicators to measure the three legs of sustainability - social, economic and environmental. The goal of the indicators is to give clear and comprehensive knowledge of current state, to indicate priorities and to track the progress of the work to achieve sustainability and improvements within the maritime strategy
Refine statistics on maritime industries to give a more correct base of information in regards to the Blue Economy, the stakeholders and their economic effect on society and GDP
Strive to improve rules, regulations and responsibilities in regards to a more socio-economic profitable maritime industry and a higher environmental performance, and to improve sharing and collection of data and knowledge relevant for the maritime industry and a sustainable management of the marine resources
Other, please specify
Ongoing work and nn integrated initiative including several authorities, ministries and staff. The cost is integrated and not possible to calculate
Other, please specify
USD 260,000 excluding time spent by authorities to support the process with information and knowledge
Other, please specify
USD 350,000 excluding time spent by authorities to support the process with information and knowledge
Basic information
Time-frame: 09/2015 - -
The Government of Sweden in continuous collaboration with multi-stakeholder advisory groups including a wide range authorities, industry representative, science institutions and non-governmental organizations.
Ocean Basins
  • North Atlantic
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
A sustainable blue economy is beneficial for all stakeholders sharing the same sea basins i.e. the Baltic Sea region including Norway.
Contact information
Mattias Rust , Desk Officer, Mattias.rust@regeringskansliet.se , +46761423475
Stockholm, Sweden
Other SDGs
United Nations