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Promote Marine Spatial Planning and other coastal and marine planning and management instruments in Mexico
by Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Mexico (Government)
Publish the North Pacific MSP and develop the proposal for the South Central Pacific MSP.

MSP concept was defined in Mexico in 1996 and is one of the instruments of the Mexican Environmental Policy. Its objective is the regulation and promotion of uses and activities according to the protection and sustainable use of marine resources taking in account the degradation tendencies and the suitability or capabilities of the ecosystems to support uses or activities. Mexican Territory is composed of a continental and insular area of 1,964,375 km2; a Territorial Sea and Economic Exclusive Zone of 3,149,920 km2; and a coastal line of 11,122 km. Mexican Marine Territory is divided in four regions: 1) Gulf of California, 2) Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean Sea; 3) North Pacific; and 4) South Central Pacific. MSP is part of the agenda of the Mexican National Development Plan and the Mexican National Environmental Program for 2013-2018 and also of the National Policy for Oceans and Coast of the Inter Ministerial Commission for the Sustainable Development of Coast and Seas of Mexico (CIMARES, in Spanish).

Implement the Strategic Action Program of the Gulf of Mexico Large Marine Ecosystem (GoMLME).

GoMLME is an international project supported with 12.9 million dollars by the Global Environmental Facility to be implemented from 2017 to 2021. It is instrumented by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, executed by more than ten Mexican and international institutions with the participation of the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Mexico and the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration of United States, as focal points. This project will contribute to:
1.- Water quality improved using pollution reduction measures through ecosystem based management approach (EBM). In particular, for 50 industries with the highest pollution emissions:
BOD5, N and P emissions to water bodies reduced by 15%
Industrial water consumption reduced by at least 10%
2.- Rebuilding of targeted fish stocks is achieved through implementation of measures, such as update of regulatory framework and enforcement, capacity development, and monitoring including, for example withdrawal of 200 artisanal and 100 semi-industrial fisher boats (reducing respectively by 4.5% and 19% the nominal fishing effort). 2.03 Percent of fisheries moved to more sustainable levels.
3.- Improve coastal and marine ecosystem health through the use of the ecosystem- based management approach (3,000 hectares of restored mangroves).

Develop the Ocean Health Index (OHI) of Mexico.

OHI is supported by Conservation International and is a tailorable marine assessment framework to comprehensively and quantitatively evaluate ocean health. The OHI framework assesses a suite of key social, economic, and ecological benefits a healthy ocean provides, called goals. By analyzing these goals together and scoring them from 0-100, OHI assessments result in a comprehensive picture of the state of the ecosystem and can be communicated to a wide range of audiences. In the OHI framework a healthy ocean is one that sustainably delivers a range of benefits to people now and in the future. The Ocean Health Index is not an index of ecosystem services. In creating an inventory of all elements that are considered part of a healthy ocean under a wider definition, various categories began to evolve.
Progress reports
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Marine Spatial Planning
  • Large Marine Ecosystem approach
  • Ecosystem-based Adaptation
  • In terms of the MSP, this commitment will help to cover 100 of the EEZ of Mexico.
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
Publication of the Marine Spatial Plan for the North Pacific
Development of the Proposal of the Marine Spatial Plan for the South Central Pacific
Development of the Proposal of an Ocean Health Index
Implementation of the Strategic Action Program for the Large Marine Ecosystem of the Gulf of Mxico
Other, please specify
For the Gulf of Mexico Large Marine Ecosystem project, resources from the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources of Mexico (in kind), from the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration of USA (in kind) , From the Global Environmental F
Other, please specify
For Marine Spatial Planning, resources from the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources
Other, please specify
For the Ocean Health Index, resources from the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources and from Conservation International
Basic information
Time-frame: 2017 - 2021
Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (Federal Government) Inter-ministerial Commission for the Sustainable Management of Oceans and Coasts CIMARES (Federal Government) Commissions of Marine Spatial Planning (Local Governments, Social and Private organizations, academy) Conservation International (NGO) United Nations Industrial Development Organization (Intergovernmental Organization) United Nations Development Program (Intergovernmental Organization) Environmental Protection Agency of USA (Federal government)
Ocean Basins
  • North Atlantic
  • North Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Mexican national agencies in charge of ocean management and development, academic and science community, local communities, private sectors.
Contact information
SALOMON DIAZ, MR., salomon.diaz@semarnat.gob.mx, +5215520685341
Mexico City
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