Tuna is a highly migratory resource and is found in the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) of all Pacific Islands states. However, the abundance and distribution of the various tuna species is not shared equally amongst the Pacific Islands. The major species of tuna are skipjack (Katsuwonus pelamis), yellowfin (Thunnus albacares), albacore (Thunnus alalunga) and big eye (Thunnus obsesus). These 4 tuna species are mainly in the equatorial waters of Solomon Islands, Palau, Nauru, Federated States of Micronesia, Papua New Guinea, Tuvalu and Tokelau.
Solomon Islands rely on these tuna fisheries for food security, employment and it contribute substantially to the national revenue. To maintain these benefits, Solomon Islands joined global and regional efforts to sustainable use and manage its tuna stocks. In 2009, Solomon Islands signed the Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA), an initiative that allows equitable sharing of the straddling stocks by all parties and to maximize benefits from the tuna fisheries. Within this agreement, a flagship management tool was the Vessel Day Scheme (VDS). VDS is a management measure that sets a limit on the number of days purse seine vessels are allowed to fish in the waters of the Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA) group of countries and Tokelau. The days are allocated to each party, who then charge fishing companies/vessels for each day they fish.
In support to the PNA framework, Solomon Islands used VDS for all its purse seine fishing vessless within its EEZ. However, to improve the management of its tuna stocks, Solomon Islands commits to apply VDS within all its national waters (territorial, archipelagic and EEZ) and to all fishing vessels operating within these waters by 2018.
Solomon Islands will also recognize this management in its Fisheries Management regulations, Tuna Management Plan, licensing and administration of fishing vessels. The regulation of VDS will be administered by the Ministry of Fisheries and Marine Resources.
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
- Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
- Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
VDS applied to longliners and purse sieners
Finalise and implement National Tuna management plan
VDS applied to territorial, archipelagic waters and EEZ
Implementation and enforcement of Fisheries Regulations
Solomon Islands Government
Staff / Technical expertise
Solomon Islands Government, Mekem Strong Fisheries Solomon Islands, Parties to the Nauru Agreement, Forum Fisheries Agency