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Blue Carbon Code of Conduct
by GRID-Arendal (Other relevant actor)
Coastal blue carbon ecosystems, including mangrove forests, seagrass meadows and tidal marshes, provide a wide range of ecosystem benefits vital to coastal and island life across the world. Such benefits include naturally buffering shorelines from storms and sea-level rise, filtering and improving water quality, storing and sequestering atmospheric carbon, providing nursery and essential habitat for fish, and supporting marine biodiversity. Coastal communities are also tied culturally and economically to the health of these ecosystems. Alarmingly, UNEP-WCMC and the Ramsar Convention Secretariat have reported that the global extent of natural wetlands has declined by 30 per cent between 1970 and 2008.

Blue carbon projects aim to harness the carbon value of coastal ecosystems in order to achieve goals in conservation and climate change. Interest in developing blue carbon projects is rapidly increasing, exemplified though the 28 countries that have recently included coastal ecosystems in climate change mitigation strategies in their Nationally Determined Contributions to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and international initiatives such as the UN Environment Blue Forests Project and International Partnership on Blue Carbon.

However, terrestrial forest carbon projects have suffered criticism from negative socio-ecological consequences for communities, and a need has appeared to ensure that communities are included in a socially just manner during the development of blue carbon projects.

Together, with our growing global blue carbon community, we will strive to create fair, socially just and accountable blue carbon projects. Such efforts will help reduce risk and ensure the sustainability of project outcomes. In the development and advancing of blue carbon projects, where possible, we commit to support and embrace the code of conduct for marine conservation advanced in Bennett et. al. 2017 (available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2017.03.035).

For full text and partners list please see: http://news.gefblueforests.org/blue-carbon-code-of-conduct.
Progress reports
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Ecosystem-based Adaptation
  • Other (please specify): Code of conduct for blue carbon projects
Blue carbon projects are developed following the Blue Carbon Code of Conduct.
Other, please specify
In the development and advancing of blue carbon projects, where possible, we commit to support and embrace the Blue carbon Code of Conduct.
Basic information
Time-frame: 06/2017 - 12/2020
Government (1): Kenyan-Marine-Fisheries-Research-Institute-(KMFRI). United Nations entity (1): UN-Environment-via-GEF-Blue-Forests-Project. Non-governmental organizations (40): Andros-Conservancy-and-Trust-(ANCAT); Asociacin-Nacional-para-la-Conservacin-d- la-Naturaleza-(ANCON); Bahama-Reef-Environment-Educational-Foundation-(BREEF); Blue-Climate-Solutions; Big-Ocean; Blue-Ventures; Central-Caribbean-Marine-Institute; Coastal-Policy-and-Humanities-Research; Coastal-Research-and-Education-Society-of-Long-Island-(CRESLI); Community-of-Arran-Seabed-Trust; Coral-Cay-Conservation-(CCC); Cuba-Marine-Research-and-Conservation; Earth-Council-Alliance; Endangered-Habitats-League; Fondation-pour-la-Protection-de-la-Biodiversit-Marine-(FoProBiM); Fondo-Mexicano-para-la-Conservacin-de-la-Naturaleza; Fundacin-Natura-(FMCN); GRID-Arendal; Guanaja-Mangrove-Restoration; Green-Heritage-Fund; Healthy-Reefs-for-Healthy-People; Island-Offsets; Jamaica-Environment-Trust; Locally-Managed-Marine-Area-Network-International-(LMMA); Marine-Management-Solutions; Marine-Research-Foundation; Mexican-Center-for-Environmental-Law-(CEMDA); Mikoko-Pamoja-(project-and-community-organization); National-Trust-for-the-Cayman-Islands; Programa-Cambio-Climtico-y-Cuencas; RED-PANAMANGLAR; Restore-Americas-Estuaries; Saint-Lucia-National-Trust; SeaGrass-Grow; Seagrass-Watch; The-ICCA-Consortium; The-Ocean-Foundation; TierraMar; WiLDCOAST/COSTASALVAjE; West-African-Association-for-Marine-Environment-(WAAME); Women4Oceans. Academic institutions (5): Blue-Carbon-Lab, Deakin-University; Coral Reef-Futures-Lab, University-of-Miami; Department-of-Ecology-Environment-and-Plant-Sciences, Stockholm-University; Marine-Education-and-Research-Center, Florida-International-University; The-Connolly-Lab, Griffith-University. Scientific community (47): J.A. Atchue III; Andrew Baker; Anastazia Banaszak; Nathan Bennett; Alex. Brylske; Clint Cameron; John Cigliano; Rod Connolly; Marie-Christine Cormier-Salem; Paulo da Cunha Lana; Carlos Duarte; Colin Field; James Fourqurean; Martin Gullstrm; Craig Harris; Peter Harris; Ian Hendy; Masakazu Hori; Lindsay Hutley; Mark Huxham; Rebecca Jarvis; James Kairo; Zachary Koehn; Lisa Konczal; Judith Lang; Tony Larkum; David Letson; Naia Lewis; Catherine Lovelock; Peter Macreadie; Carrie Manfrino; Nuria Marba; Pere Masqu; Ins Mazarrasa Elsegui; Len McKenzie; Sean McQuilken; Maria Lourdes Moreno; James Morris; John Ogden; Vasillis Papathanasiou; Nicolas Pilcher; Maria Potouroglou; Megan Saunders; Alejandra Serrano; Liana Talaue McManus; Tibor Vegh; Marjo Vierros; Kim Wright.
Ocean Basins
  • Global
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Blue Forests Project, Communications Officer, gefblueforests@gmail.com,
Arendal, Norway
Other SDGs
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