The world population is living, working, vacationing, increasingly conglomerating along the coasts, and standing on the front row of the greatest, most unprecedented, plastic waste tide ever faced. Every year, 8 million metric tons of plastic end up in our oceans. There is particular concern in India about the amount of plastic waste it produces which is responsible to impact from the whale, sea lions, and birds to the microscopic organisms called zooplankton. It assumes significance because plastic debris has an impact on oceans, wildlife, and, potentially, humans through the food chain. weathering of plastic debris causes fragmentation into particles that even small marine invertebrates may ingest. The trans-boundary pollution problem is powerful as oceans as its vehicle.
India is aware of the seriousness of the challenge posed by pollution, including plastic pollution. India has initiated extensive pollution monitoring programmes. India is also taking action to tackle this problem problem effectively. For instance, the National Green Tribunal has recently banned the use of disposable plastics in the capital Delhi.
One of the flagship initiatives of the government is Clean India, including rejuvenation of rivers that flow into the seas.
Awareness programmes on ocean/coastal littering are being taken up along with voluntary beach cleanup programmes.
Common people are joining the efforts of the government in a big way. A massive cleanup operation of a Mumbai beach by the local community is one such remarkable initiative that has met with huge success.