United Nations
Blue Halo Barbuda: Sustainable and comprehensive ocean and coastal management initiative
by The Government of Antigua and Barbuda/Blue Halo Barbuda (Government)
Antigua and Barbuda is an archipelagic state with two (2) main inhabited islands (the islands of Antigua and Barbuda), and one (1) main uninhabited (the island of Redonda) as well as several offshore islands. The Blue Halo Barbuda Initiative concentrates specifically on the island of Barbuda where fishing is one of its main industries, and main sources of livelihood for our people.

Blue Halo Barbuda was launched as a comprehensive ocean and coastal management project. We are working to develop and implement sustainable ocean policies focused on marine spatial planning, sanctuary zones, and fisheries regulations.

The goal of Blue Halo Barbuda is to foster the sustainable, profitable, and enjoyable use of ocean resources for present and future generations.
Progress reports
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Marine Spatial Planning
  • Large Marine Ecosystem approach
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • Marine protected area with partial protection
  • Multiple use marine protected area
  • Locally or community managed marine areas
  • MPA management and/or enforcement
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
  • Scientific, socioeconomic and interdisciplinary research
  • Research capacity development
  • Data access and sharing
  • Training and professional development
  • Scientific cooperation
  • Actions that support SIDS and LDCs
Jul 2015 to Dec 2017
Drafted and enacted legislation for ocean management that: zones Barbudas coastal waters, strengthens fisheries management, establishes a network of marine sanctuaries (marine protected areas); and create a coastal management fund and authority for increased fees and fines
Mar to Dec 2017
Demarcation of the marine sanctuaries (marine protected areas) with marker buoys, shore-based markers, and signage; and the strengthening compliance and enforcement via workshops and training with enforcement officers/agents
May 2017
Trained fisheries staff in reef fish measuring techniques and scuba diving; and began mid-term science assessment which includes catch-based monitoring and in-water surveys
Sept 2015
Marine spatial plan of Barbudas coastal waters
Staff / Technical expertise
Government officials work in collaboration with the expert of the WAITT Institute to draft and implement the legislation on the marine protected areas and the sustainable ocean management paradigm
In-kind contribution
The WAITT Institute donated equipment for the management of the marine protected areas such as marker buoys, shore-based markers, and signage
In-kind contribution
The WAITT Institute hosts and funds a variety of capacity building exercises on compliance and enforcement within the marine protected areas such as training and workshops for relevant Government officials
Basic information
Time-frame: February 2013 - N/A
The Government of Antigua and Barbuda; WAITT Institute
Ocean Basins
  • North Atlantic
Beneficiary countries
Antigua and Barbuda
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Diann Black-Layne, Ambassador (Department of Environment, Antigua and Barbuda), antiguaenvironmentdivision@gmail.com; cc: dcblack11@gmail.com, +1 268 462-4625 or +1 268 562-2568
#1 Victoria Park, Botanical Gardens, St Johns, Antigua
Other SDGs
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