United Nations
National Search for Outstanding Coastal Community Malinis at Masaganang Karagatan (MMK) (CLEAN AND PLENTIFUL OCEAN)
by Department of Agriculture – Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR), Philippines (Government)
The Philippines fisheries is one of the most exploited resources in Southeast Asia. Majority of the coastal areas are depleted and most marine habitats are damaged. Marine environmental issues often identified are destruction of sensitive coastal ecosystems i.e. coral reefs, seagrass beds, and mangroves; overexploitation of fishery resources and destructive fishing practices which indirectly affects livelihood of sustenance fisherfolk. These factors have deleterious, and sometimes irreversible, negative impacts on fisheries, and thereby endanger sustainable fisheries resource utilization.
The importance of resource management is more pronounced in developing countries like the Philippines, where fisheries play a dominant role as a source of food, employment and export earnings. Coastal resource management (CRM) is one of the major strategies to address the varied, wide-ranging and often interconnected issues that impact coastal areas. In fisheries, CRM is synonymous to ecosystem approach to fisheries management (EAFM). It is best accomplished in a participatory manner of planning, implementing and monitoring sustainable uses of coastal/marine resources through collective action and sound decision-making. RA 8550: The Fisheries Code of 1998 and RA10654: RA 8550 as Amended are the legal frameworks for such strategy.

There are more than 900 coastal municipalities and cities with varied degrees of coastal resource management efforts. Aware of the challenges in sustainably managing coastal/marine resources in an archipelago such as the Philippines, President Rodrigo R. Duterte through the Department of Agriculture (DA) and the Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) advocates, as one of his banner programs, the Malinis at Masaganang Karagatan (MMK). MMK program aims to promote fisheries protection and conservation, centers on the significance of sustainably managing our fisheries and aquatic resources, and promotes stakeholder engagement to the cause of resource protection and conservation.

The Search for Malinis at Masaganang Karagatan aims to recognize outstanding initiatives and contributions of coastal municipalities/cities to sustainable fisheries development.

Specific Objectives:
1. To identify coastal municipalities/cities that:
a. Have exemplary initiatives and accomplishment in the effort against illegal fishing and observance of ecosystem approach to fisheries resource
management measures such as off-fishing season and ban on the collection of endangered species, among others;
b. Have established, formulated and adopted Marine Protected Area (MPA) or Fisheries Managed Area;
c. Have kept coastal waters clean of domestic solid and/or liquid wastes, garbage or industrial effluence flowing to the sea as a result of innovative
waste management or other programs;
d. Have a successful mangrove protection and rehabilitation program;
e. Have accomplished or implemented unique or innovative operational schemes on coastal resource management;
f. Have initiated programs with LGU-funded budget for coastal/fisheries resource management;
2. To document the best practices and strategies of these outstanding municipalities/cities and promote their replication or adoption among other LGUs
3. To encourage other LGUs to:
a. Adopt best practices and promote awareness on conservation, management and sustainable development of the municipal waters and provide
sufficient funds for these endeavors;
b. Encourage active participation on the implementation of Municipal Fisheries Ordinance, RA 8550 as amended by RA 10654 and other pertinent laws;
c. Enhance partnership between LGUs, other line agencies and the fishing community in the management of fisheries and coastal resources.

Progress reports
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
Type of commitment
  • Coastal clean-ups
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • MPA management and/or enforcement
By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
Type of commitment
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
  • Community empowerment for fisheries management
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
Documented the best practices and strategies of these outstanding municipalities/cities and promote their replication or adoption among other LGUs
Increased number of LGUs adopted the best practices and promote awareness on conservation, management and sustainable development of the municipal waters and provide sufficient funds for these endeavors
Financing (in USD)
4,800,000 USD
Basic information
Time-frame: October 2016 - December 2022
Local Government Units (LGU), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), Philippine Coast Guard (PCG), Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG)
Ocean Basins
  • South Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Eduardo Gongona, Undersecretary for Fisheries / BFAR National Director, bfar.director@gmail.com, +63(2) 929-8074
Quezon City, Philippines
Other SDGs
United Nations