United Nations
#OceanAction21364
Integrated Papua New Guinea Oceans Policy
by Department of Justice and Atorney-General and Department of Foreign Affairs, Papua New Guinea (Government)
The establishment of an integrated Oceans Policy complemented by a National Oceans Office. This is aimed at ensuring a coherent and coordinated national efforts to improve oceans and seas governance in Papua New Guinea. It intends to address all maritime activities, including SDG 14 under the 2030 Agenda on Sustainable Development, in Papua New Guinea's maritime borders consistent with existing national laws and regulations as well as the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

This will engender cross-sectoral and multistakeholder partnership with leadership and ownership of the Government of Papua New Guinea, working together with all stakeholders, both domestic and external.

A National Steering Committee and related relevant subsidiary bodies will be established and serve as the focal points with specific mandates and objectives working in close cooperation to ensure the Oceans Policy is effectively implemented and on a sustained basis. This will report to a Ministerial-level oversight body annually for political leadership, commitment and decision-making. The progress report on the status of the oceans and seas governance, including SDG 14 implementation in Papua New Guinea will be submitted to the national focal point coordinating the 2030 Agenda implementation (Department of National Planning and Monitoring) which in turn will provide regular updates to the High Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development.
Progress reports
14.1
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
Type of commitment
NUTRIENTS
  • Other (please specify): To be determined.
PLASTICS
  • Other (please specify): To be deternmined.
SHIPPING
  • Reduce invasive aquatic species introduction
  • Management of ship-based pollution and/or port waste management
OTHER POLLUTANTS (please specify)
  • Other (please specify): To be determined
14.2
By 2020, sustainably manage and protect marine and coastal ecosystems to avoid significant adverse impacts, including by strengthening their resilience, and take action for their restoration in order to achieve healthy and productive oceans
Type of commitment
  • Community or Locally Managed Marine Areas
  • Integrated Coastal Management
  • Marine Spatial Planning
  • Large Marine Ecosystem approach
  • Ecosystem-based Adaptation
14.3
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
Type of commitment
  • Coastal carbon sinks/blue carbon
  • Terrestrial carbon sinks
  • Carbon capture and sequestration
  • CO2 emission reductions (energy efficiency, renewable energy, etc.)
  • Scientific research and cooperation to address ocean acidification knowledge gaps
14.4
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Reduction of fisheries by-catch and product waste/losses
  • Eco-labelling, traceability, certification programmes
  • Market-based instruments (Individually Traded Quotas, Vessel Day Schemes, etc.)
14.5
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • No take marine protected area
  • Marine protected area with partial protection
  • Multiple use marine protected area
  • Locally or community managed marine areas
  • MPA management and/or enforcement
14.6
By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
Type of commitment
  • Removal or reduction of harmful fisheries subsidies
14.7
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Economic benefits from sustainable tourism
  • Economic benefits from sustainable aquaculture/mariculture
  • Economic benefits from marine renewable energy
  • Economic benefits from marine biotechnology
  • Economic benefits from sustainable transport
14.a
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
  • Scientific, socioeconomic and interdisciplinary research
  • Research capacity development
  • Data access and sharing
  • Training and professional development
  • Scientific cooperation
  • Transfer marine technology
  • Actions that support SIDS and LDCs
14.b
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
  • Legal/policy/institutional measures
  • Access to market-based instruments
  • Transfer of fishing technology
  • Access and capacity building for eco-labelling and traceability systems
  • Community empowerment for fisheries management
14.c
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
  • Activities to raise awareness of the comprehensive legal and policy framework for the sustainable development of oceans and seas, in particular UNCLOS, its Implementing Agreements and other relevant ocean-related instruments and promote their effective im
  • Activities to develop the capacity of States towards broader participation in and effective implementation of UNCLOS and its implementing Agreements
  • Strengthening ocean governance, for example through the development of a national ocean policy or regional ocean policy
  • Development of necessary infrastructure and/or enforcement capabilities to comply with international law, as reflected in UNCLOS and as complemented by other ocean-related instruments
2018
Overcome silos existing at the national level with respect to the carriage of ocaens and seas work in the country and promote coherent and cordinated national efforts on oceans and seas governance and conswervation.
2020
Establishment of Papua New Guinea National Oceans Policy and National Oceans Office.
2025
Ensure effective management and governance of Papua New Guinea's maritime zones, including combating IUU fishing and foster conservation measures consistent with the precautionay and ecosystem approach .
Staff / Technical expertise
Technical experts from the Comonwealth Secretaraiat and other development partners engaged to support Papua New Guinea establish the National Oceans Policy and Oceans Office.
Basic information
Time-frame: 2016 - Ongoing
Partners
Government of Papua New Guinea, the Commonwealth Secretariat and other bilateral and multilateral development partners.
Ocean Basins
  • South Pacific
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Barbara Age, Deputy Secretary (Policy), bagelavu07@gmail.com, + 675 73897655
Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea
Other SDGs
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