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#OceanAction22226
Technical assistance on issues related to market access and trade-related aspects
by Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) (United Nations entity)
Fish and fishery products are among the most traded food commodities worldwide. Trade plays a major role in the fishery and aquaculture sector as a creator of employment, food supplier, income generator, contributor to economic growth and development, and to food and nutrition security. For many countries, fishery exports are essential to the economy. For many developing countries, fish trade represents a significant source of foreign currency earnings in addition to the sectors important role in income generation, employment, food security and nutrition. In 2016, exports of developing countries were valued at US$ 76 billion and their fishery net-export revenues (exports minus imports) reached US$ 36 billion, higher than for all other agricultural commodities combined.

There are many factors that have an impact on the performance of exporting countries to access international markets. Despite technical advances and innovations, many countries, especially those with less-developed economies, still lack adequate infrastructure and services to be able to properly address the market access issues for their fish and fishery products. This lack of capacity can manifest itself in many areas relevant to international fish trade, and often impacts disproportionately on small scale fisheries and on small island developing states.

FAO commits to the provision of technical assistance and capacity development in market access issues covering:

- compliance with seafood product standards and regulations for food safety in major importing countries and regions;
- adherence to voluntary ecolabelling schemes and/or development of nationals schemes, being especially cognizant of the challenges faced by developing countries
- implementing FAO tools that contribute to reducing illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing:
o Port State Measures Agreement to deter IUU
o Catch documentation schemes
o Global Record of Fishing Vessels, Refrigerated Transport Vessels and Supply Vessels
- support to the implementation of traceability of capture fisheries products to combat IUU, but also to respond to the needs of food safety, CITES and ecolabelling.
- support to high-level discussions on fisheries subsidies with an aim to reducing harmful subsidies at
- reduction of seafood fraud, which occurs when seafood is deliberately placed on the market, for financial gain, with the intention of deceiving the consumer.

This will follow FAO mechanisms for implementation, follow-up and governance involving priority setting and dialogue with member countries through the FAO Committee on Fisheries, its Sub-committees on Aquaculture and Fish Trade, FAOs regional conferences, the FAO national offices countries, and its five regional offices in Latin America and the Caribbean, Africa, Near East, Europe, and Asia and the Pacific.
14.4
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Eco-labelling, traceability, certification programmes
14.6
By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
Type of commitment
  • Removal or reduction of harmful fisheries subsidies
  • information relating to harmful subsidies
14.7
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Economic benefits from sustainable aquaculture/mariculture
14.b
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
  • Access to market-based instruments
  • Access and capacity building for eco-labelling and traceability systems
December 2010
December 2020 Successful organization of the Thirty-Fourth Session of COFI in July 2020 and interaction with FAO members on market access for fish and fishery products December 2020 Successful organization of capacity-building activities and workshops on market access, in particular on SPS and TBT issues December 2020 Technical capacity building on post-harvest issues by the Globefish project and the FISHinfo Network
December 2017
December 2017 Successful organization of the Sixteenth Session of the COFI Sub-Committee on Fish Trade (COFI:FT) in September 2017 December 2017 Provision of technical inputs and organization of regional consultations at World Seafood Congress to be held in September 2017 December 2017 Co-organization of fisheries-related events at WTO Ministerial Conference December 2017 Technical capacity building on post-harvest issues by the Globefish project and the FISHinfo Network December 2017 Co-organization of International commodity conference at CONXEMAR including organized session on the Blue Forum
December 2018
December 2018 Workshop on market access related issues December 2018 Contribute to FAO capacity-building activities on PSMA, CDS and Global Record and the Blue Forum December 2018 Co-organization of information meetings on fisheries-related issues to Geneva based delegations December 2018 Successful organization of the Thirty-Third Session of COFI in July 2018 and interaction with FAO members on market access for fish and fishery products December 2018 Technical capacity building on post-harvest issues by the Globefish project and the FISHinfo Network
December 2019
December 2019 Successful organization of the Seventieth Session of the COFI Sub-Committee on Fish Trade (COFI:FT) December 2019 Provision of fisheries-related technical advice during the preparation of the WTO Ministerial Conference December 2019 Provision of Advice and capacity-building activities on eco-labelling and certification in particular for developing countries, LDCs and SIDS. December 2019 Technical capacity building on post-harvest issues by the Globefish project and the FISHinfo Network December 2019 Co-organization of International commodity conference at CONXEMAR including organized session on the blue Forum
Other, please specify
December 2017 500,000 USD (including in kind and staff)
Other, please specify
December 2018 - 1 million USD (including in kind and staff)
Other, please specify
December 2019 - 1 million USD (including in kind and staff)
Other, please specify
December 2020 - 1 million USD (including in kind and staff)
Interact
#OceanAction22226
Basic information
Time-frame: December 2017 - December 2020
Partners
UNCTAD, UNEP, WTO, Codex Alimentarius, WHO all UN System
Ocean Basins
  • Global
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
The focus will be on support to small scale fisheries and small island developing states to maximize their opportunities for access to markets for fish and fishery products and where this is appropriate to their goals.
Contact information
Audun Lem, Deputy-Director, Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, FAO, audun.lem@fao.org,
FAO Headquarters, Rome ITALY
Other SDGs
United Nations