United Nations
#OceanAction35459
Pescarte Project
by Geraldo Marcio Timoteo (Academic institution)
The Pescarte project is part of an Environmental Education Program in the Campos Basin, EAP-CB, and is a mitigating measure for Brazilian federal environmental licensing, instituted by the Brazilian Institute for the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources-IBAMA in 2010. The program aims to articulate the Environmental Education projects, of companies that operate in the maritime oil and gas industry in the Campos Basin, aimed at the social groups affected by the socioenvironmental impacts of the licensed enterprises.
Thus the Pescarte project is a legal obligation, required by IBAMA. The project is divided into steps, called cycles. Every two-year cycle, Petrobras holds a bid to sel ect a company that will be responsible for managing the resources that will be used to implement the project, which has a total duration of 12 years. The second cycle ended in July 2019 and the third cycle will start in march 2020. The hiring of a company to manage the resources is due to the fact that the project over the 12 years and as long as it exists, will be implemented, which includes all educational actions and/or activities, under the guidance and execution of teachers , researchers and technicians at the Center for Human Sciences at the UENF and since UENF is a Public University, it cannot receive financial resources directly from Petrobras.
In Pescarte, the priority group are artisanal fishermen located in the Campos Basin territory. The project follows specific guidelines, among them, it should strengthen social organization so that fishing communities can intervene in a qualified manner in the decision spaces on their territories.
The precarious situation in which artisanal fishermen live is common throughout the world. Fishing communities have lost their territories to pollution, oil industry, industrial fishing. In addition, they do not receive proper government support to strengthen the fish production chain. Most sell the fish for an unfair price because they have no place to benefit and store the fish, and thus establish a fair price. The Project Pescarte seeks to strengthen the social organization, through job and income generation, of fishing communities in 10 municipalities. What we have ahead is the implementation of projects such as mariculture, processing and fish storage units, which operate under the principles of solidarity economy and cooperativism. However, although there are many challenges, we have mobilized a group of fishermen who have been participating in the project for almost 6 years and who have won a number of victories with the government to access more rights. Artisanal fishers have occupied spaces in the council of councilors, river basin committees, environmental councils, among others.
Another important information is that we perform one of the largest fishing censuses in the southeastern region of Brazil, and one of the data we have reached is that much of the fishing community suffers from food insecurity. All census data and the project in general, have a network of researchers, mainly from UENF, which has been dedicated to research all information, to assist in the direction of public policies.
Progress reports
14.1
By 2025, prevent and significantly reduce marine pollution of all kinds, in particular from land-based activities, including marine debris and nutrient pollution
Type of commitment
OTHER POLLUTANTS (please specify)
  • Other (please specify): oil and gas
14.7
By 2030, increase the economic benefits to Small Island developing States and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources, including through sustainable management of fisheries, aquaculture and tourism
Type of commitment
  • Economic benefits from sustainable fisheries
  • Economic benefits from sustainable aquaculture/mariculture
14.a
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
  • Scientific, socioeconomic and interdisciplinary research
  • Research capacity development
  • Data access and sharing
  • Training and professional development
  • Scientific cooperation
  • Transfer marine technology
07/2023
The project seeks to strengthen the social organization, through job and income generation, of fishing communities in 10 municipalities of this área. What we have ahead is the implementation of projects such as mariculture, processing and fish storage units, which operate under the principles of solidarity economy and cooperativism.
07/2023
We intend to continue the study on one of the largest fishing censuses conducted in southeastern Brazil in 2014, and also the data from the new census that will be held again in 2020. In the first census, we reached a large part of the fishing community and it was possible to state that, most artisanal fishing communities suffer from food insecurity. All census data, and the project in general, have a network of researchers from universities inside and outside Brazil, especially the State University of Northern Rio de Janeiro Darcy Ribeiro-UENF. , which is dedicated to researching all information to assist in public policy direction. Our perspective on ocean sustainability is multidimensional, including the natural, social and cultural dimensions. We intend to continue and deepen academic research on traditional communities and ocean protection.
Basic information
Time-frame: 01/2020 - 07/2023
Partners
Government, Civil Society Organization, Academic Institution and Scientific Community
Ocean Basins
  • Global
  • South Atlantic
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
All the other countries that promote the protection of traditional communities, as an essential perspective for the protection of oceans and other ecosystems.
Contact information
Naete Barbosa Lima Reis, Ms., naetereispescarte@gmail.com, +5522988063975
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Other SDGs
United Nations