United Nations
Policy strategies to declare 30% of the Uruguayan EEZ a Marine Protected Area MPA -EBSA-
by Oceanosanos/ Helathy oceans (Non-governmental organization (NGO))
The Sanctuary for Whales and Dolphins is considered the biggest protected areas in Uruguay (125.057 km2), declared by law 19.128 in 2013, as a result of the OCC campaign together with local communities especially K-12 students. The new important contribution is a multipurpose Marine Protected Area MPA's off-shore, in the same national waters of the Sanctuary according to IUCN categories of the National System.
This MPA will cover 30% of EEZ based on a Diagnostic Analysis Technical Document, including 200 reports elaborated with the participation of 250 scientists and technicians, and 45 institutions -FREPLATA (www.freplata.org). The area has high ecological value and biologically essential for marine balance, to safeguard nesting and provide space for breeding fish to replenish neighbouring fishing grounds. The identification of relevant elements can be identified as critical areas for the conservation of biodiversity (SEMARNAT, 2006, Leathwick et al., 2008, Chavez Gonzalez et al., 2015).
This proposal was discussed since 2018 and uploaded in July 2019 to the major government authorities with the support of a leadership team of Transatlantic marine protected areas MedPAN (European Commission) and presented a concept note draft to the main National Environmental Direction Protected Areas authorities. The result was positive and the next process will involve fisheries companies, a plenty participation process, including marine scientific data upload and secure financial support. The model will a co-management together marine users, fisheries companies to protect and restore marine biodiversity as a whole integrated system. The area will be promoting as a Reserve of interest for fisheries and will start to take actions urgently to avoid the collapse of fish stocks as well as avoid and reject the IUU fishing (Illegal, Unreported, Unregulated) and shark finning, included in a national voluntary report made by OCC to Ocean Conference. MPA's together with the Sanctuary will promote sustainable fisheries as the only option for the marine biodiversity conservation, and food subsistence for people.
Progress reports
Minimize and address the impacts of ocean acidification, including through enhanced scientific cooperation at all levels
Type of commitment
  • Coastal carbon sinks/blue carbon
  • Carbon capture and sequestration
  • CO2 emission reductions (energy efficiency, renewable energy, etc.)
  • Scientific research and cooperation to address ocean acidification knowledge gaps
By 2020, effectively regulate harvesting and end overfishing, illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and destructive fishing practices and implement science-based management plans, in order to restore fish stocks in the shortest time feasible, at least to levels that can produce maximum sustainable yield as determined by their biological characteristics
Type of commitment
  • Compliance, monitoring and enforcement
  • Reduction and elimination fishing practices and gear that destroy/degrade marine habitat
  • Science-based fisheries management plans
  • Ecosystem approach to fisheries (EAF)
  • Reduction of fisheries by-catch and product waste/losses
  • Eco-labelling, traceability, certification programmes
  • Market-based instruments (Individually Traded Quotas, Vessel Day Schemes, etc.)
  • PSMA implementation
By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Type of commitment
  • No take marine protected area
  • Marine protected area with partial protection
  • Multiple use marine protected area
  • Locally or community managed marine areas
  • MPA management and/or enforcement
By 2020, prohibit certain forms of fisheries subsidies which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing, eliminate subsidies that contribute to illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and refrain from introducing new such subsidies, recognizing that appropriate and effective special and differential treatment for developing and least developed countries should be an integral part of the World Trade Organization fisheries subsidies negotiation
Type of commitment
  • Removal or reduction of harmful fisheries subsidies
Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries
Type of commitment
  • Scientific, socioeconomic and interdisciplinary research
  • Research capacity development
  • Data access and sharing
  • Training and professional development
  • Scientific cooperation
  • Transfer marine technology
Provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets
Type of commitment
  • Legal/policy/institutional measures
  • Access to market-based instruments
  • Transfer of fishing technology
  • Access and capacity building for eco-labelling and traceability systems
  • Community empowerment for fisheries management
Enhance the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources by implementing international law as reflected in UNCLOS, which provides the legal framework for the conservation and sustainable use of oceans and their resources, as recalled in paragraph 158 of The Future We Want
Type of commitment
  • Activities to raise awareness of the comprehensive legal and policy framework for the sustainable development of oceans and seas, in particular UNCLOS, its Implementing Agreements and other relevant ocean-related instruments and promote their effective im
  • Ratification, accession and acceptance of UNCLOS, its Implementing Agreements and other relevant ocean-related instruments
  • Activities to develop the capacity of States towards broader participation in and effective implementation of UNCLOS and its implementing Agreements
  • Strengthening ocean governance, for example through the development of a national ocean policy or regional ocean policy
  • Development of necessary infrastructure and/or enforcement capabilities to comply with international law, as reflected in UNCLOS and as complemented by other ocean-related instruments
- Multi-level awareness including policy makers, fishery communities, citizens and managers.
Promote regional cooperation, experiences interchanges and strengthening of capacities for the implementation and management of MPAs aimed at key stakeholders in Uruguay and Brazil
- Present and build the MPA offshore proposal together authorities and experts
Financing (in USD)
15 USD
Financing (in USD)
25 USD
Staff / Technical expertise
Basic information
Time-frame: August 2019 - May 2023
Environment NGOS Uruguayan Network (NGO) Oceanographic Association (NGO) Forum Sea Patagonia (NGO) GAIA Foundation (NGO) IUCN Uruguay (IGO)
Ocean Basins
  • South Atlantic
Beneficiary countries
Other beneficaries
Contact information
Rodrigo Garcia Pingaro, Director, rodrigo@occ.org.uy, +59899124144
La Paloma/ Rocha/ Uruguay
Other SDGs
United Nations