43 new Voluntary Commitments for the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14 to #SaveOurOcean were received this past week. The distribution of entities that put forward commitments include Governments (12); IGOs (7); UN entities (7); NGOs (4); Private Sector (5); Partnerships (2); Academic Institutions (2); Scientific (2) Philanthropic Organization (1) and Other actors (1).
Among governments is a commitment from Spain for training and capacity building on fisheries for young men and women through the INTERMARES training vessel for Latin America. Six commitments from the State of California of the United States were also received, and 3 from France. In addition, 1 commitment was received from Cook Islands.
Among the IGOs were commitments from the Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission (HELCOM), committing to cutting 80% of NOx emissions from ships operating in the Baltic Sea, and a commitment from the Association of Caribbean States (ACS) on strengthened regional cooperation for national action on the sustainability in the Caribbean Sea. Other commitments from IGOs include the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO), the South Asia Cooperative Environment Programme (SACEP), and the International Seabed Authority.
Commitments from other stakeholders include: Vulcan Inc (a Paul G. Allen Company) committing to help address the problem of illegal fishing and a commitment from Legambiente ONLUS (an NGO) to promote a ban on plastic carrier bags below 100 microns, except bags for primary transport. Others include Future Earth which has established multi-stakeholder platform the Ocean Knowledge-Action Network which aims at advancing integrated ocean research globally to chart a course from knowledge of ocean systems.
Lead Entity: Southern African Development Community (SADC).
This Voluntary commitment aims to strengthen/establish fisheries MCS mechanisms in the regional fisheries sector. This will be done through expanding on existing inter-governmental cooperation mechanisms between coastal countries to implement the regional joint action plans (deterrent laws and regulations in place, sustainable national capacities in place to monitor and control the fishing activities in their waters); coordinating and hosting the regional database exchange systems, the deployment of joint patrols and joint inspections in the fishing waters and in the landing areas or ports, in the market places and in the major trade centres within the cooperation areas; performing risk analysis relating to the most important conservation and management measures enforcement challenges ahead for each and every fishery (artisanal and industrial) targeting the species covered within the RFOs' Agreements; effective monitoring of the fishing activities and of the traceability of the fisheries products, to deter access market by IUU caught fish; supporting the strengthening of prosecution systems and legal regimes in combatting IUU fishing; and fostering compliance of the parties to the national legislation and regional fisheries management organisations.
Lead Entity: Ocean Protection Council on behalf of the State of California.
The Ocean Protection Council on behalf of the State of California is committing to continue addressing the impacts of marine pollution, in the State of California by:
Lead Entity: Secretariat for Fisheries, Spain.
The Secretariat for Fisheries, Government of Spain will train, build capacity and promote through the exchange of experiences, for the increase of added value of fishery products, and possible certification of the same.
The objectives are to facilitate:
Lead Entity: United Nations Development Programme - UNDP
This commitment aims to address key aspects of the market forces that drive overfishing, adding to the transformation of the seafood market by mainstreaming sustainability in the value chain of important commodities from developing countries, improving emerging tools such as corporate sustainable purchase policies, sustainable marine commodities platforms, and fisheries improvement projects (FIP), developing national capacities, and generating learning to be shared worldwide.
This will be achieved through:
Lead Entity: Future Earth (Scientific community)
The rate of change in ocean health is accelerating, putting at risk the many services that the ocean provides to humanity.
A recently established multi-stakeholder platform the Ocean Knowledge-Action Network (Ocean KAN) supported by the international programmes Future Earth and its marine Global Research Projects, WCRP-CLIVAR, IOC-UNESCO and ICSU-SCOR, and aims at advancing integrated ocean research globally to chart a course from knowledge of ocean systems to changes in policies, practices, governance and behaviours that will support sustaining those systems. In a bottom-up process the Ocean KAN facilitates the formation of transdisciplinary teams and new integrative initiatives that will address these challenges by co-designing scalable and integrated systems-approaches in collaboration with natural and social sciences, economics and engineering, as well as policymakers, resource managers, businesses and industries, civil societies and other societal partners. It will also generate new research and partnerships to ensure fast track response to pressing societal questions and the implementation of SDG14.
Lead Entity: Ocean Alive
Shellfishing WITHOUT litter" (Mariscar SEM Lixo): Awareness and beach cleaning voluntary campaign commits to:
Every month organize (when possible) a voluntary beach cleaning campaign and raise shell fishers awareness of the issue. Implement a good practices network empowering fisherwomen to be leaders of behavioural change within the fishing community. Increasing engagement of local stakeholders such as councils, industry and tourism enterprises like local supermarkets (which sell the sea salt) in the dissemination of good practices messages.
Lead Entity: Baltic Marine Environment Protection Commission - HELCOM
HELCOM countries have committed to cutting 80% of NOx emissions from ships operating in the Baltic Sea in order to combat the problem of eutrophication in the region. HELCOM together with its partners will promote the green shipping technology and use of alternative fuels to further reduce harmful exhaust gas emissions and greenhouse gases from ships.
Lead Entity: Legambiente ONLUS
One of the most widespread waste in our oceans and seas are plastic bags. In Mediterranean Sea an estimated 25 million plastic bags pollute every 1,000 kilometres of coast, more than 1 trillion for 46000 kilometres of the Mediterranean Sea per year. The percentage is 56% of the total beached waste and 83% of floating litter.
Legambiente ONLUS commits to promote a ban on plastic carrier bags below 100 microns, except bags for primary transport (i.e. fisheries) and biodegradable and compostable certified EN 13432 or ISO 14855 to all other Mediterranean countries.
Passing through the net of volunteers and other associations, Legambiente, Kyoto club and Environmental Alliance for the Mediterranean aim to address the Mediterranean governments collecting at first the support of the other Mediterranean association and other stakeholder to the plastic bags ban proposed.
Lead Entity: Vulcan Inc., a Paul G. Allen Company
At any moment, thousands of illegal vessels are operating somewhere on our oceans. That makes detecting, deterring and detaining illegal fishing vessels incredibly difficult.
Paul G. Allen, the cofounder of Microsoft, a technologist, and a philanthropist, and his team at Vulcan Inc. are developing technology that will advance the fight against illegal fishing on the world's largest crime scene.
To help address the problem of illegal fishing, Vulcan Inc. is building a detection system that uses data science, computer visualization, and machine learning to turn vast amounts of raw data into actionable, up-to-date information about illegal fishing activity that can enable enforcement.
Vulcans system will generate reports and alerts for governments and enforcement bodies, who can then focus their enforcement resources where they can have the most impact.
Lead Entity: Cook Islands Government
The Cook Islands a nation state in the South Pacific is dedicating its entire Exclusive Economic Zone, an area of 1.9 million square kilometres (550,000 square nautical miles) to protection, conservation and integrated management.
The marine park will ensure the protection of the marine environment whilst providing for sustainable development activities including tourism, fisheries and shipping. As a start, sixteen percent of the marine park, an area of 304,000 square kilometres (89,000 square nautical miles) is being established as marine protected areas where no large scale commercial fishing or seabed minerals activities will be permitted.
A Marae Moana Council is being established to oversee management of the marine park including the review of policy, marine spatial plans, reporting, monitoring and evaluation. Marae Moana policy principles applied include protection, conservation and restoration, sustainable use to maximise benefits, the precautionary principle, community participation, transparency and accountability, integrated management, fostering a culture of investigation and research, ecosystem-based management and sustainable financing.
The Government of France commits to the following:Through the ‘Initiative franaise pour les rcifs coralliens: IFRECOR 2016-2020’
The Scientific Committee reiterated its recommendation that the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission should consider a ban on large-scale driftnets also in IOTC CPC Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) and recalled the negative impacts of such large scale drifting gillnets in areas frequented by marine mammals and turtles. In view of that recommendation of the IOTC Scientific Committee, this proposal intends to replace Resolution 12/12 by extending its scope beyond the high-seas, to IOTC CPC EEZs, according to the following calendar:
Lead Entity: Hawai‘i Green Growth
Hawaii Business Blueprint is supporting private sector action on the Aloha+ Challenge: He Nohona Aeoia, A Culture of Sustainability" Hawaiis statewide initiative on sustainable development. Launched in 2014, the Aloha+ Challenge is led by Hawaii's Governor, all four County Mayors, the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, State Legislature, and statewide public-private partners to achieve integrated goals by 2030 for environmental stewardship, community resilience, and economic prosperity. In addition to natural resource management, goals include clean energy transformation, local food production, solid waste reduction, smart sustainable communities and climate resilience, and green workforce and education.
The Aloha+ Challenge is recognized as a place-based model that can be scaled to help achieve the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and Paris Climate Agreement. Hawaii is working with the Global Island Partnership, UN Development Programme, and other partners to scale the Aloha+ Challenge as a locally and culturally appropriate model to meet the UN 2030 Agenda.